Ujjwal Kumar Rout

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Calcitonin secretion in the pregnant uterus is tightly regulated by the ovarian hormones, estrogen and progesterone, which limit its expression to a brief period preceding blastocyst implantation. The binding of calcitonin to a G protein-coupled receptor activates adenylate cyclase and elevates cytosolic Ca2+ levels. The acceleration of preimplantation(More)
Antibodies against glutamic acid decarboxylase 65 (GAD65) have been detected in the serum of patients with several neurological disorders. The presence of antibodies against GAD65 has not yet been examined in the serum of patients with neurodevelopmental disorders such as autism or attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). In this study, GAD65(More)
Autism is a medical enigma, lacking truly effective treatments. Both genetics and environmental factors are recognized as players in the development of autism spectrum disorders (ASDs). Nevertheless, the exact mechanism(s) for the development of ASDs is (are) not known primarily because current understanding about the etiology of the disease is limited.(More)
To clarify the regional capacity of the brain to oxidize biogenic aldehydes and ethanol-derived acetaldehyde, a quantitative immunohistochemical study of the microregional and cellular expression of low Km mitochondrial aldehyde dehydrogenase (mALDH; EC 1.2.1.3) in the rat central nervous system was undertaken, using antiserum raised in rabbit against(More)
Mutations of the myelin proteolipid protein gene (Plp) are associated with excessive programmed cell death (PCD) of oligodendrocytes. We show for the first time that PLP is a molecule ubiquitously expressed in non-neural tissues during normal development, and that the level of native PLP modulates the level of PCD. We analyze three non-neural tissues, and(More)
BACKGROUND Injury to the peritoneum during surgery is followed by a healing process that frequently results in the attachment of adjacent organs by a fibrous mass, referred commonly as adhesions. Because injuries to the peritoneum during surgery are inevitable, it is imperative that we understand the mechanisms of adhesion formation to prevent its(More)
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a disease of neuro-developmental origin of uncertain etiology. The current understanding is that both genetic and environmental factors contribute to the development of ASD. Exposure to valproate, thalidomide and alcohol during gestation are amongst the environmental triggers that are associated with the development of ASD.(More)
Isoelectric focusing techniques (IEF) were used to examine the tissue distribution and genetic variability of aldehyde dehydrogenases (AHDs) from inbred strains of mice. Twelve zones of AHD activity were resolved which were differentially distributed between tissues. Liver extracts exhibited highest activity for most enzymes, with the exception of isozymes(More)
Trophoblast cells of the peri-implantation blastocyst differentiate from a polarized epithelium, the trophectoderm, into invasive cells having an apical surface occupied by integrins that mediate adhesion to the extracellular matrix. Blastocyst differentiation was assessed during serum-free culture using a fibronectin binding assay with intact mouse(More)