Ujjala Ghoshal

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Despite frequent use of immunosuppressive drugs in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and reports of cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection following post-transplant immunosuppression, data on the frequency and clinical significance of CMV in patients with IBD are scant. Sixty-three patients with IBD (61 ulcerative colitis and two Crohn's disease) were(More)
Differentiating intestinal tuberculosis from Crohn's disease (CD) is an important clinical challenge of considerable therapeutic significance. The problem is of greatest magnitude in countries where tuberculosis continues to be highly prevalent, and where the incidence of CD is increasing. The final clinical diagnosis is based on a combination of the(More)
OBJECTIVE Although Helicobacter pylori infection is associated with gastric cancer (GC), only 1% of patients develop a malignancy, which suggests a role of host genetic factors. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of polymorphisms of GSTM1, GSTT1, and GSTP1 genes, which encode for carcinogen-detoxifying enzymes, in gastric mutagenesis. (More)
AIM Helicobacter pylori infection, though common, leads to gastric cancer (GC) in less than 1% individuals, suggesting the role of host factors. We previously reported the role of glutathione-S-transferase (GST) polymorphisms, the gene encoding a carcinogen-detoxifying enzyme, in GC. This study was aimed to evaluate GST enzyme activity, GST polymorphism,(More)
BACKGROUND In tropical sprue (TS), response to antibiotics may suggest a role for bacterial contamination of the small bowel, which is known in diseases with prolonged orocecal transit time (OCTT). METHODS We studied 13 patients with TS (diagnosed by standard criteria) for frequency, nature and degree of bacterial contamination of the small bowel by(More)
Background Despite association between H. pylori and gastric neoplasm (GN) from the developed world, studies from India, where infection is more common and acquired early, are scant and contradictory. Methods Two hundred and seventy-nine patients with GN from two northern and one eastern Indian centers during the period 1997–2005, 101 non-ulcer dyspepsia(More)
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVE Extended spectrum beta-lactamases (ESBLs) have emerged as a major threat worldwide with limited treatment options. The genotypes of ESBL producing strains largely remain unknown in India; hence the present study was aimed to determine the occurrence of ESBLs in Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae, their molecular types and(More)
BACKGROUND Transfusion-transmissible malaria (TTM) is a major concern in malaria endemic countries. A study was therefore conducted to know sero-prevalence of malaria in blood donors and the risk of TTM to multi-transfused patients at our hospital. MATERIALS AND METHODS STUDY SUBJECTS WERE: eligible blood donors (n = 1000), donors deferred due to history(More)
BACKGROUND Antibiotics relieve symptoms in half of the unselected patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS); however, their efficacy if selected according to small-intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) is unknown. AIMS The aim of this study was to evaluate (a) symptom resolution among IBS patients with or without SIBO on norfloxacin treatment, and (b)(More)