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Somatostatin and dopamine are two major neurotransmitter systems that share a number of structural and functional characteristics. Somatostatin receptors and dopamine receptors are colocalized in neuronal subgroups, and somatostatin is involved in modulating dopamine-mediated control of motor activity. However, the molecular basis for such interaction(More)
The existence of receptor dimers has been proposed for several G protein-coupled receptors. However, the question of whether G protein-coupled receptor dimers are necessary for activating or modulating normal receptor function is unclear. We address this question with somatostatin receptors (SSTRs) of which there are five distinct subtypes. By using(More)
Somatostatin receptors (SSTRs) have been identified in most hormone-producing tumors as well as in breast cancer. In the present study, we determined SSTR1-5 expression in primary ductal NOS breast tumors through semi-quantitative RT-PCR and immunocytochemistry. The results from the analysis of 98 samples were correlated with several key histological(More)
Niemann-Pick disease type C (NP-C) is an inherited neurodegenerative disorder associated with intracellular cholesterol and glycolipid trafficking defects. Two separate genes, NPC1 and NPC2, have been linked to NP-C. NPC1 encodes a polytopic membrane-bound protein with a putative sterol-sensing domain. NPC2 has been recently identified as epididymal(More)
Heptahelical receptors (HHRs) are generally thought to function as monomeric entities. Several HHRs such as somatostatin receptors (SSTRs), however, form homo- and heterooligomers when activated by ligand binding. By using dual fluorescent ligands simultaneously applied to live cells monotransfected with SSTR5 (R5) or SSTR1 (R1), or cotransfected with R5(More)
Apolipoprotein D gene and protein expression were investigated in the rat brain and cerebellum, respectively, during development. Apolipoprotein D gene expression was first observed in embryonic day 12 rat brain, with a moderate increase in apolipoprotein D messenger RNA levels towards the later part (embryonic days 15-17) of gestation. In the postnatal rat(More)
In the present study using indirect immunofluorescence immunohistochemistry, co-immunoprecipitation and western blot analysis we determined the colocalization of dopamine receptors 1-5 and dopamine and cAMP-regulated phosphoprotein (DARPP-32) in rat brain cortex and striatum. All five DR subtypes and DARPP-32 were expressed in rat brain cortex and striatum.(More)
In beta-amyloid (Abeta)-induced neurotoxicity, activation of the NMDA receptor, increased Ca2+ and oxidative stress are intimately associated with neuronal cell death as normally seen in NMDA-induced neurotoxicity. We have recently shown selective sparing of somatostatin (SST)-positive neurons and increased SST expression in NMDA agonist-induced(More)
The actions of somatostatin (SST) in the nervous system are mediated by specific high affinity SST receptors (SSTR1-5). However, the role of this hormone and the distribution of its receptor subtypes have not yet been defined in neural structures of the human fetus. We have analyzed four neural tissues (CNS, hypothalamus, pituitary and spinal cord) from(More)
Injection of nerve growth factor (NGF) into the masseter muscle is not painful but does induce a localized, quick onset ( approximately 1h) and long-lasting mechanical sensitization in healthy human subjects. We tested the hypothesis that human NGF mechanically sensitizes masseter muscle nociceptors by increasing the sensitivity of peripheral(More)