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Lamotrigine is an anticonvulsant drug recently approved in Italy for clinical use. Therapeutic monitoring of lamotrigine is relevant for patient management and avoidance of toxicity. The authors describe a simple, sensitive, and highly selective high-performance liquid chromatography method that does not involved extraction for analysis of serum(More)
BACKGROUND Identification of neoplastic cells in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) by cytological analysis is the key diagnostic feature of leptomeningeal metastasis (LM). Because of the lack of sensitivity of this test, considerable efforts have been made to identify alternative diagnostic markers. Data from the literature suggest that measurement of tumor markers(More)
Huntington's disease (HD) is notably difficult to diagnose in the early stages. One reason is that the early clinical manifestations of HD vary widely and sometimes have an atypical onset. In this paper we primarily sought information on affected patients who initially presented with movement disorders other than chorea. We also investigated atypical motor(More)
Valproic acid (VPA) has been recently investigated for its anticancer properties in different tumors, including malignant gliomas. The aim of the present work was to evaluate the effects of VPA, alone or in combination with other chemotherapeutic drugs, on in vitro growth of human glioma cell lines. A172, U373, U138, U87, and SW1783 were treated with VPA(More)
PURPOSE Ménière disease (MD) is a multifactorial chronic disabling condition characterized by episodic vertigo, ear fullness, and hearing loss. MD patients often complain of aspecific gastrointestinal symptoms associated with autonomic dysregulation, frequently outweighed by the otological manifestations. Dietary modifications have been reported to improve(More)
Neural stem cells can be derived from the adult/embryonic nervous system as well as from more primitive embryonic stem cells but, because of the lack of specific markers, only their differentiated progeny can be characterized. We here report the presence of several endothelial and hematopoietic receptors (at protein and mRNA level) on the surface of(More)
Artificially roughened gold surfaces with controlled nanostructure produced by pulsed laser deposition have been investigated as sensors for apomorphine detection aiming at clinical application. The use of such gold surfaces has been optimized using aqueous solutions of apomorphine in the concentration range between 3.3 × 10(-4) M and 3.3 × 10(-7) M. The(More)
Susceptibility to IDDM is strongly associated with HLA. Some HLA allelic combinations (haplotypes) can be found in most patients, whereas other haplotypes are encountered only rarely. It has been proposed that this difference in susceptibility depends on the absence (in the DR3 and DR4 haplotypes) or the presence (in the DR2 haplotype) of Asp57 in the DQ(More)
BACKGROUND Monitoring serum levels of lacosamide, other than to establish individualized reference ranges may be helpful in several settings, including patients with liver and/or kidney failure or settings that may result in altered pharmacokinetic characteristics and to assess patients' compliance with therapy. In this study, the EurekaOne liquid(More)
We analyzed the data on age at onset and CAG size of 319 patients clinically diagnosed with Huntington disease (HD) and 86 presymptomatic subjects recorded by four Italian Centers over the last 14 years. To overcome the problem of different CAG numbers found in each subject, also in the same family, the data were analyzed in terms of deviations from the(More)