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OBJECTIVE To compare the efficacy and safety of etanercept and sulfasalazine, alone and in combination, in patients with active rheumatoid arthritis despite sulfasalazine treatment. METHODS A double-blind, randomised study in adult patients with active rheumatoid arthritis despite stable sulfasalazine (2-3 g/day) treatment. The primary end point was a 20%(More)
Associations between rheumatoid arthritis (RA) susceptibility and polymorphism in multiple immunoregulatory genes suggest a role of altered T cell function in the disease. The growing relevance of the oxidative stress in RA synovitis, which results in a number of T cell signalling abnormalities, is reinforced by the demonstration of a direct NO inducing(More)
OBJECTIVES The differential expression of several accessory/activation molecules (CD26, CD29, CD45RA, CD25, MLR4, HLA-DR) on peripheral blood CD4+ and CD8+ T lymphocytes in patients with scleroderma was compared with that in controls and patients with other connective systemic diseases to look for evidence of the involvement of T cells in the disease(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the effect of tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha) blockade with etanercept in refractory knee joint synovitis (KJS) in rheumatoid and psoriatic arthritis, by local and systemic disease activity assessment and combined grey scale and power Doppler ultrasonographic monitoring. METHODS 27 knees affected by rheumatoid KJS (n = 12)(More)
The potential role of sonography in evaluating the response to therapy of persistent knee joint synovitis (KJS) was assessed in a longitudinal study in pre-and post-arthroscopic (AS) synovectomy in rheumatoid and psoriatic patients. At entry to the study ultrasound (US) detection of synovial proliferation was compared with arthroscopic visualization as the(More)
Using metaphase chromosome spreads as substrate for indirect immunofluorescence technic, we observed anticentromere antibody in three of twenty-five patients affected with various clinical forms of localized scleroderma. Anticentromere antibody is generally considered a serologic marker of the CREST syndrome, a more benign subset of systemic sclerosis.(More)
Psoriatic arthritis (PsA) is an inflammatory arthropathy associated with skin and/or nail psoriasis. TNF-α, in addition to its pro-inflammatory role, is an essential cytokine for the host's defense, and its depletion by treatment may facilitate the risk of viral infections or their reactivation. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety(More)
OBJECTIVES This open-label study is based on a translational approach with the aim of detecting changes in the clinical condition as well as in imaging and synovial biological markers in both synovial fluid (SF) and synovial tissue (ST) in peripheral spondyloarthritis (SpA) patients following intra-articular (IA) blockade of TNF-α by serial etanercept(More)
OBJECTIVES To delineate the molecular mechanisms underlying the process of the diffuse-type giant cell tumours, also called pigmented villonodular synovitis, a rare, aggressive condition of the synovium, the knee synovial tissue expression of colony-stimulating factor-1 gene, as detected by real-time polymerase chain reaction, was compared between patients(More)
Psoriatic arthritis (PsA) is a chronic inflammatory condition, characterized by an excess of metabolic disorders. Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a cluster of classic cardiovascular risk factors, due to an imbalance between pro- and anti-inflammatory adipokines. Tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α is a pro-inflammatory adipocytokine mainly produced by monocytes and(More)