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License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. We define pseudohyperbolical Smarandache curves according to the Sabban frame in Minkowski 3-space. We obtain the geodesic curvatures and the expression for the Sabban frame vectors of special pseudohyperbolic Smarandache(More)
We aimed to investigate the impact of metabolic syndrome (MetS) on the varicocele treatment. 101 patients underwent spermatic vein ligation between 2007 and 2010 were retrospectively analyzed. Those patients were divided into two groups as without (n: 56, Group 1) or with MetS (n: 48, Group 2). All the patients underwent left microsurgical subinguinal(More)
PURPOSE Testicular spermatozoa can be retrieved successfully by the testicular sperm extraction (TESE) procedure and used for intracytoplasmic sperm injection. Disruption in the blood-testis barrier can lead to the production of antisperm antibodies (ASA). The aim of this prospective study was to investigate the frequency of ASA formation in couples after(More)
Background: The aim of this study was to determine the incidence of AZF (Azoospermia Factor) microdeletions of the Y chromosome in infertile Turkish male patients and intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) outcome of these patients. Objective: This study was undertaken in order to evaluate the outcome of intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) in infertil(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to evaluate atrial conduction abnormalities obtained by tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) and electrocardiogram analysis in pregnant subjects. METHODS A total of 30 pregnant subjects (28 ± 4 years) and 30 controls (28 ± 3 years) were included. Systolic and diastolic left ventricular (LV) function was measured using(More)
In this paper, we introduce Smarandache curves according to the Lorentzian Darboux frame of a curve on spacelike surface in Minkowski 3-space R 3 1. Also, we obtain the Sabban frame and the geodesic curvature of the Smarandache curves and give some characterizations on the curves when the curve α is an asymptotic curve or a principal curve. And, we give an(More)
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