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The ketogenic diet (KD) is used for the treatment of refractory epilepsy in children, however, the mechanism(s) remains largely unknown. Also, the antiepileptogenic potential in animal models of epilepsy has been poorly addressed. Activation of cannabinoid type-1 receptor (CB(1)-R) upon seizure activity may mediate neuroprotection as may several(More)
The linkage between agonist binding and the activation of a GABA(A) receptor ion channel is yet to be resolved. This aspect was examined on human recombinant alpha1beta2gamma2S GABA(A) receptors expressed in human embryonic kidney cells using the following series of receptor agonists: GABA, isoguvacine, 4,5,6,7-tetrahydroisoxazolo[5,4-c]pyridin-3-ol (THIP),(More)
Stroke is one of the leading causes of death worldwide. At present, the only available treatment is thrombolysis, which should be initiated no later than 4.5 hours after onset of symptoms. Several studies have shown that an attenuation of the inflammatory response in relation to stroke could widen the therapeutic window. However, the immune system has(More)
Cholinergic neurons of the pontine laterodorsal tegmentum (LDT) are importantly involved in neurobiological mechanisms governing states of arousal such as sleep and wakefulness as well as other appetitive behaviors, such as drug-seeking. Accordingly, mechanisms controlling their excitability are important to elucidate if we are to understand how these LDT(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Explorations into the heterogeneous population of native GABA type A receptors (GABAA Rs) and the physiological functions governed by the multiple GABAA R subtypes have for decades been hampered by the lack of subtype-selective ligands. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH The functional properties of the orthosteric GABAA receptor ligand(More)
A conserved glycine residue in the first transmembrane (TM1) domain of the beta2 subunit has been identified to be involved with desensitization induced by gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) and anesthetics. Recombinant GABA(A) receptors expressed in Sf9 cells were recorded using semi-fast agonist application. Upon direct activation by GABA or anesthetics, the(More)
The Alzheimer's disease (AD) mouse model Tg2576 overexpresses an AD associated mutant variant of human APP and accumulates amyloid beta (Aβ) in an age-dependent manner. Using the selective cholinergic immunotoxin mu p75-saporin (SAP), we induced a partial basal forebrain cholinergic degeneration (BFCD) in 3 months old male Tg2576 mice to co-express(More)
A compromised γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA)ergic system is hypothesized to be part of the underlying pathophysiology of schizophrenia. N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor hypofunction during neurodevelopment is proposed to disrupt maturation of interneurons causing an impaired GABAergic transmission in adulthood. The present study examines prefrontal(More)
The GABA(A) receptor system is implicated in a number of neurological diseases, making GABA(A) receptor ligands interesting as potential therapeutic agents. Only a few different classes of structures are currently known as ligands for the GABA recognition site on the GABA(A) receptor complex, reflecting the very strict structural requirements for GABA(A)(More)
A series of ring-substituted analogues of imidazole-4-acetic acid (IAA, 4), a partial agonist at both GABAA and GABAC receptors (GABA = gamma-aminobutyric acid), have been synthesized. The synthesized compounds 8a-l have been evaluated as ligands for the alpha1beta2gamma2S GABAA receptors and the rho1 GABAC receptors using the FLIPR membrane potential (FMP)(More)