Uffe Kristiansen

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Cumene and n-propanol, model substances for alcohols and alkylbenzenes, were investigated for sensory irritation in mice. The concentrations within the first 2 min. depressing the respiratory rate by 50% due to the effect in the upper respiratory tract were 2,058 p.p.m. and 22,080 p.p.m., respectively. Activation of the sensory irritant receptor followed(More)
The linkage between agonist binding and the activation of a GABA(A) receptor ion channel is yet to be resolved. This aspect was examined on human recombinant alpha1beta2gamma2S GABA(A) receptors expressed in human embryonic kidney cells using the following series of receptor agonists: GABA, isoguvacine, 4,5,6,7-tetrahydroisoxazolo[5,4-c]pyridin-3-ol (THIP),(More)
Exposure to n-butanol vapour gave rise to a sensory irritation response which was measured by the reflexively induced decrease in respiratory rate in mice according to the American standard method (E981-84). The response reached maximum within the 1st min of exposure. In this period the expected threshold response (RD-0) and the concentration expected to(More)
In the present study, we have created a stable HEK293 cell line expressing the human homomeric alpha1 glycine receptor (GlyR) and characterised its functional pharmacology in a conventional patch-clamp assay and in the FLIPR Membrane Potential (FMP) assay, a fluorescence-based high throughput screening assay. In the patch-clamp assay, the alpha1 GlyR(More)
Cerebellar granule neurons in culture are a popular model for studying neuronal signaling and development. Depolarizing concentrations of K(+) are routinely used to enhance cell survival, and kainate is sometimes added to eliminate GABAergic neurons. We have investigated the effect of these measures on expression of mRNA for gamma-aminobutyric acid type A(More)
Cholinergic neurons of the pontine laterodorsal tegmentum (LDT) are importantly involved in neurobiological mechanisms governing states of arousal such as sleep and wakefulness as well as other appetitive behaviors, such as drug-seeking. Accordingly, mechanisms controlling their excitability are important to elucidate if we are to understand how these LDT(More)
The GABA(A) receptor system is implicated in a number of neurological diseases, making GABA(A) receptor ligands interesting as potential therapeutic agents. Only a few different classes of structures are currently known as ligands for the GABA recognition site on the GABA(A) receptor complex, reflecting the very strict structural requirements for GABA(A)(More)
Site-directed mutagenesis of the gamma-aminobutyric acid type A (GABA(A)) receptor beta(2) subunit has demonstrated that conversion of a conserved glycine residue located at the entrance to the first transmembrane domain into the homologous rho(1) residue phenylalanine alters the modulating effects of four different i.v. anesthetics: pentobarbital,(More)
The immediate irritation response induced by mixtures of vapours of cumene (isopropyl benzene) and n-propanol was evaluated in mice according to the standard method (Designation: E 981-84) from The American Society for Testing and Materials. The animal model allows prediction of the irritation response in humans. Analyses of the results from the initial(More)
A conserved glycine residue in the first transmembrane (TM1) domain of the beta2 subunit has been identified to be involved with desensitization induced by gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) and anesthetics. Recombinant GABA(A) receptors expressed in Sf9 cells were recorded using semi-fast agonist application. Upon direct activation by GABA or anesthetics, the(More)