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Among the eight families of Anopheles willmori derived from individual wild-caught females collected from Chiangmai Province (northern Thailand) and examined, four isofemale lines showed variation in the X chromosome, including the normal X1 and three aberrant types (X3, X4 and XL). It is postulated that these different types of X chromosomes could have(More)
A total of 6 species of the Pyretophorus (4 species) and Neomyzomyia (2 species) series of the subgenus Cellia of Anopheles were used for metaphase karyotype analysis. Anopheles subpictus and An. vagus exhibit 4 and 2 forms of mitotic karyotypes, respectively, which are attributable to different types of Y chromosomes. Such distinctive mitotic chromosomes(More)
We investigated how temporal and spatial effects confound the functional relationship between pupal and adult populations of Aedes aegypti and thus the value of pupal numbers as predictors of dengue transmission risk in Kamphaeng Phet, Thailand. We found considerable seasonal shifts in productivity of key containers. Tires contained much less pupae in the(More)
Natural populations of fruit flies of the Bactrocera dorsalis complex exhibit chromosomal variation based on differences in the amount and distribution of constitutive heterochromatin in the centromeric regions of the autosomes and the sex chromosomes. The chromosomal variation, coupled with differences in external morphology and host plant specific(More)
Metaphase karyotypes of 6 species of the Hyrcanus Species Group of the subgenus Anopheles show constitutive heterochromatin variation in X and Y chromosomes. Anopheles peditaeniatus exhibits the most extensive variation in the size and shape of heterochromatic sex chromosomes, with 3 types of X and 5 types of Y chromosomes. Anopheles nitidus shows the least(More)
A reference photomap of the larval salivary gland, polytene chromosomes of the Anopheles dirus complex (species A) is presented. Samples of species A, B, C, and D from natural populations in Thailand were compared to this standard map using the larval progeny of wild-caught females. All species show differences in their chromosome banding patterns involving(More)
A knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) survey and an extensive entomologic survey were conducted in two sub-districts of Kamphaeng Phet province, Thailand, to test the hypothesis that correct dengue knowledge and practice reduce dengue vector populations. We found a negative association between respondents' knowledge of preventive measures and the number(More)
Development of new operational techniques for collection and monitoring of adult Stegomyia mosquitoes is considered a pressing need for surveillance and prevention of arboviruses. Here we report the results from a trial carried out in 2 dengue-endemic villages in Thailand to compare the ability to collect Aedes adults of a sticky trap versus a CDC backpack(More)
Given that tools for dengue emergency control are limited, continuous evaluation of the effectiveness of insecticide applications in the field is of utmost importance. Such studies will provide a sound basis for defining spraying schemes for public health authorities in dengue-affected countries. In this article, we address the following research questions:(More)
Metaphase karyotypes of 2 and 3 species of the Umbrosus and the Barbirostris Groups, respectively, of the subgenus Anopheles occurring in Thailand and Indonesia show inter- and intraspecific differences with respect to the amount and distribution of constitutive heterochromatin in the sex chromosomes and/or autosomes. Four forms of metaphase karyotypes have(More)