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We investigated how temporal and spatial effects confound the functional relationship between pupal and adult populations of Aedes aegypti and thus the value of pupal numbers as predictors of dengue transmission risk in Kamphaeng Phet, Thailand. We found considerable seasonal shifts in productivity of key containers. Tires contained much less pupae in the(More)
Natural populations of fruit flies of the Bactrocera dorsalis complex exhibit chromosomal variation based on differences in the amount and distribution of constitutive heterochromatin in the centromeric regions of the autosomes and the sex chromosomes. The chromosomal variation, coupled with differences in external morphology and host plant specific(More)
A knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) survey and an extensive entomologic survey were conducted in two sub-districts of Kamphaeng Phet province, Thailand, to test the hypothesis that correct dengue knowledge and practice reduce dengue vector populations. We found a negative association between respondents' knowledge of preventive measures and the number(More)
A total of 6 species of the Pyretophorus (4 species) and Neomyzomyia (2 species) series of the subgenus Cellia of Anopheles were used for metaphase karyotype analysis. Anopheles subpictus and An. vagus exhibit 4 and 2 forms of mitotic karyotypes, respectively, which are attributable to different types of Y chromosomes. Such distinctive mitotic chromosomes(More)
Given that tools for dengue emergency control are limited, continuous evaluation of the effectiveness of insecticide applications in the field is of utmost importance. Such studies will provide a sound basis for defining spraying schemes for public health authorities in dengue-affected countries. In this article, we address the following research questions:(More)
Among the eight families of Anopheles willmori derived from individual wild-caught females collected from Chiangmai Province (northern Thailand) and examined, four isofemale lines showed variation in the X chromosome, including the normal X1 and three aberrant types (X3, X4 and XL). It is postulated that these different types of X chromosomes could have(More)
Development of new operational techniques for collection and monitoring of adult Stegomyia mosquitoes is considered a pressing need for surveillance and prevention of arboviruses. Here we report the results from a trial carried out in 2 dengue-endemic villages in Thailand to compare the ability to collect Aedes adults of a sticky trap versus a CDC backpack(More)
A cytogenetic analysis of the species status of members of the Anopheles dirus group, from natural populations, over a six-year period has produced biogeographic and behavioural data which are presented herein. Species A, B, C and D have quite distinct geographic distributions in Thailand. Species A is the only species in most of the mainland but is absent(More)
Metaphase karyotypes of 9 species of the Myzomyia Series show intra- and interspecific differences based on quantitative variation and distribution of constitutive heterochromatin in the sex chromosomes or the centromeric regions of the autosome pairs or both. Anopheles jeyporiensis and Anopheles aconitus each exhibit 4 forms of mitotic karyotypes, which(More)
BACKGROUND Aedes aegypti (L.) is the primary vector of dengue, the most important arboviral infection globally. Until an effective vaccine is licensed and rigorously administered, Ae. aegypti control remains the principal tool in preventing and curtailing dengue transmission. Accurate predictions of vector populations are required to assess control methods(More)