Udom Chaithong

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Filariasis, caused by Brugia malayi, is a public health problem in Thailand. Currently, at least two locations in southern Thailand are reported to be active endemic areas. Two and four Mansonia species are primary and secondary vectors, respectively, of the nocturnally subperiodic race, whereas, Coquillettidia crassipes is a vector of the diurnally(More)
fects of recombinant tumor necrosis factor alpha on cultured pulmonary artery and lung microvascular endothelial mono-layers. To the Editor: In response to a recent report that suggested human infection with Rickettsia japonica in northeastern Thailand (1), we phylo-genetically reexamined spotted fever group rickettsiae (SFGR) from Thai-land. The organism(More)
The fine structure of the reproductive system of Chrysomya megacephala (Fabricius), a blow fly species of medical importance, was studied using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) to contribute detailed morphological information on the external sexual organs or genitalia of this species. Analysis of the male genitalia or hypopygium revealed that the(More)
Botanical resources with great diversity in medicinal and aromatic plants are a rich and reliable source for finding insect repellents of plant origin, which are widely popular among today’s consumers. Although some herbal-based repellents have been proven comparable to or even better than synthetics, commercially available natural repellents generally tend(More)
The eggs of Anopheles argyropus, Anopheles crawfordi, Anopheles nigerrimus, Anopheles nitidus, Anopheles paraliae, Anopheles peditaeniatus, Anopheles pursati, and Anopheles sinensis are described with the aid of scanning electron micrographs. Comparisons of the egg structure among the eight species showed that the eggs differed with respect to the following(More)
The morphology of newly excysted juvenile Haplorchis taichui was studied using a light and a scanning electron microscope (SEM). The reproductive organs were well developed. The whole body surface was covered with numerous transverse rows of scale-like spines, which had 3-11 points at the tip. The spines on the dorsal were similar with those on the ventral(More)
The male genitalia of flesh fly Parasarcophaga (Liosarcophaga) dux (Diptera: Sarcophagidae) was observed using scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The phallus is a short, broad structure that is formed by a tubular base connected to a trumpet-shaped, anteroventrally expanded ventralia. The juxta projects forward from a broad base, which is connected to an(More)
Angelica sinensis (Oliv.) hexane extract (AHE) has been reported as a proven and impressive repellent against laboratory-reared female Aedes aegypti mosquitoes. With the aim of promoting products of plant origin as a viable alternative to conventional synthetic substances, this study was designed to transform AHE-based repellents for exploitable commercial(More)
For personal protection against mosquito bites, user-friendly natural repellents, particularly from plant origin, are considered as a potential alternative to applications currently based on synthetics such as DEET, the standard chemical repellent. This study was carried out in Thailand to evaluate the repellency of Ligusticum sinense hexane extract (LHE)(More)
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