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Simultaneous addition of both TGF-alpha and TGF-beta induces the sustained, long-term outgrowth of chicken erythrocytic progenitor cells, referred to as T2ECs from both chick bone marrow and 2-day-old chicken embryos. By analysis for differentiation antigens and gene expression, these cells were shown to represent very immature haematopoietic progenitors(More)
RNA helicases represent a large family of proteins that have been detected in almost all biological systems where RNA plays a central role. They are ubiquitously distributed over a wide range of organisms and are involved in nuclear and mitochondrial splicing processes, RNA editing, rRNA processing, translation initiation, nuclear mRNA export, and mRNA(More)
Group II introns are large, natural catalytic RNAs or ribozymes that were discovered in organelles of certain protists, fungi, algae, and plants and more recently also in prokaryotic organisms. In vitro, some members were found to self-splice from their pre-RNAs by two consecutive transesterification reactions joining the flanking exons and releasing the(More)
Studies of yeast, algae and plants have provided genetic and biochemical evidence that the splicing reaction of organellar localized group II introns either depends on proteins encoded by the introns themselves ('maturases') or encoded by other genes of the host organisms. However, only a few of those proteins have been identified to date and characterized(More)
The neurotransmitter dopamine (DA) stimulates neurite outgrowth and growth cone formation in cultures of embryonic rat striatum through activation of D1 but not D2 receptors. We show here that neurite outgrowth could be stimulated to a similar extent by elevating cellular cAMP levels. Second, the neuritotrophic effect of DA was completely abolished by(More)
In a screen of nuclear genes that assist splicing of mitochondrial localized group II introns in yeast we isolated low-copy number suppressors of splicing and respiratory-deficient point mutants of intron aI5gamma, the last intron of the gene encoding cytochrome c oxidase subunit I. One of the genes found contains the open reading frame (ORF) YGL064c that(More)
Neurofibrillar tangles made up of 'paired helical filaments' (PHFs) consisting of hyperphosphorylated microtubule-associated protein tau are major hallmarks of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Tangle formation selectively affects certain neuronal types and systematically progresses throughout numerous brain areas, which reflects a hierarchy of neuronal(More)
Mapping and transcription studies have revealed that in Podospora anserina the causative agent of senescence, a mitochondrial plasmid (p1DNA), is identical with intronl of the discontinuous gene for cytochrome-c-oxidase subunit 1 (COI), which is 2 kpb from the discontinuous gene for cytochrome b (Cytb). A mitochondrial mutant (ex1) devoid of the COI, but(More)
With refinements of quantitative histochemistry, i.e. oilwell technique, enzymaticP ianalysis and NADP/NADPH cycling an enzymatic polarization of the tubular epithelial cell from the rat nephron to NaKATPase can be established. NaKATPase activity is limited to the basal area of the epithelial cell. Brush border fragments lack NaKATPase activity.
We have shown that the second intron of thePodospora mitochondrial gene coding for cytochromeb (Cytb 12) splices autocatalytically, using in vitro transcripts generated from the T7 promoter. The reaction takes place at 37° C in the presence of 50 mM TRIS-HCl pH 7.5, 60 mM MgC12 and 1 mM GTP but shows a low efficiency even at high KCl concentrations of up to(More)