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Hirschsprung disease (HD) is the most prevalent congenital gastrointestinal motility disorder. The pathogenesis of HD is defined as a functional intestinal obstruction resulting from a defect in the intrinsic innervation of the distal bowel. In addition to the enteric nervous system, the interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC) play an important role in the(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the role of nitric oxide (NO) in the pathogenesis of injury to the bladder mucosa after bladder outlet obstruction (BOO). MATERIALS AND METHODS The response of bladder mucosa to BOO consists of thickening with fibrous connective tissue; NO is a multipurpose messenger important in blood vessel relaxation, neuronal communication and(More)
Conditions that clinically resemble HD despite the presence of ganglion cells on suction rectal biopsy results, can be diagnosed by providing an adequate biopsy and employing a variety of histological techniques. Intestinal neuronal dysplasia is a distinct clinical entity that can be clearly proven histologically. Patients with IND not only have(More)
Pediatric patients with either functional or organic bowel dysfunction may suffer from constipation and fecal incontinence and represent a complex group in whom management is often difficult. Many noninvasive and invasive treatments have been proposed, with variable efficacy and adverse effects. Transanal irrigation (TAI) is now an accepted alternative, in(More)
Reflux nephropathy (RN) is recognized as a major cause of end-stage renal failure in children and young adults. Inhibition of nitric oxide (NO) exacerbates and enhanced production ameliorates tubulointerstitial fibrosis (TIF) in experimental obstructive uropathy. NO is synthesised by NO synthase (NOS), three distinct isoforms of which have been identified:(More)
CONTEXT Constipation or recurrent intestinal dysmotility problems are common after definitive surgical treatment in Hirschsprung disease (HD). c-Kit-positive interstitial cells of Cajal (ICCs) play a key role in the motility function and development of the gastrointestinal tract. Interstitial cells of Cajal that carry the tyrosine kinase receptor (c-Kit)(More)
Interstitial cells of Cajal (ICCs) are pacemaker cells which are densely distributed throughout the whole gastrointestinal tract. ICCs have important functions in neurotransmission, generation of slow waves and regulation of mechanical activities in the gastrointestinal tract, especially for the coordinated gastrointestinal peristalsis. Therefore, a loss of(More)
PURPOSE The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical presentation, diagnosis and management of patients with intussusception, with special regard to the duration of symptoms, referral from other hospitals, outcome and complications related to delayed diagnosis. METHODS This retrospective study was performed using hospital charts, ultrasound and(More)
C-Kit positive interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC) play an important role in the regulation of the smooth muscle motility, acting as internal pacemakers to provide the slow wave activity within various luminal organs. Recently c-Kit-(CD117)-positive interstitial cells (IC) have been shown in the genitourinary tract, but systematic studies on the distribution(More)
CONTEXT The pathogenesis of appendicitis remains poorly understood. Despite new diagnostic techniques, appendices removed from patients with suspected appendicitis often appear histologically normal on conventional examination. There is increasing evidence of involvement of the enteric nervous system in immune regulation and in inflammatory responses in the(More)