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The production of equine influenza in Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK) cells in large-scale microcarrier culture is described with detailed on- and off-line analytical data during cell growth and virus replication. Metabolite concentration profiles for glucose, glutamine, lactate and ammonium are shown. Lactate and ammonium concentrations were always below(More)
A complete serum-free process without washing steps and medium exchange before infection for influenza A virus vaccine production (equine and human) is described for cultivation in roller bottles and in a 5-L stirred tank microcarrier system. Adherent Madin-Darby canine kidney cells (MDCK) were adapted from growth in serum containing GMEM medium to growth(More)
Few suspension cells can be used for vaccine manufacturing today as they either do not meet requirements from health regulatory authorities or do not produce high virus titres. Two new avian designer cell lines (AGE1.CR and AGE1.CR.pIX) that have been adapted to grow in suspension in serum-free medium were evaluated for their potential as host cells for(More)
Cell culture-based influenza vaccine manufacturing is of growing importance. Depending on virus strains, differences in infection dynamics, virus-induced apoptosis, cell lysis and virus yields are observed. Comparatively little is known concerning details of virus-host cell interaction on a cellular level and virus spreading in a population of cells in(More)
A process for equine influenza virus vaccine production using a microcarrier system (Cytodex 1) in a 2 L Wave bioreactor is described. Growth of Madin Darby canine kidney (MDCK) cells in serum containing GMEM medium (SC) is compared to growth in serum-free Ex-Cell MDCK medium (SF) without washing steps and medium exchange before infection. Cultivations with(More)
An adherently growing MDCK cell line was adapted in a two-step process in a fully defined medium and in suspension. The resulting MDCK.SUS2 cells were subsequently evaluated for their potential as host cells for influenza vaccine production in two lab-scale bioreactors (wave and stirred-tank). Cell concentrations up to 2.3 x 10(6)cells/mL were obtained(More)
Growth dynamics of Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Burkholderia cepacia, and Staphylococcus aureus in a batch and chemostat, were investigated as a laboratory model system for persistent infections in cystic fibrosis. Most species-specific enumeration methods for mixed cultures are laborious or only qualitative, and therefore impede generation of quantitative data(More)
As a basis for the development of predictive mathematical models in systems biology and a quantitative understanding of cellular metabolism, reliable experimental data sets of intracellular metabolites are indispensable. A prerequisite for the acquisition of such data is the identification of a suitable sample preparation method. In this work, the(More)
In mammalian cell cultures, ammonia that is released into the medium as a result of glutamine metabolism and lactate that is excreted due to incomplete glucose oxidation are both known to essentially inhibit the growth of cells. For some cell lines, for example, hybridoma cells, excreted ammonia also has an effect on product formation. Although glutamine(More)
Biogas production from energy crops and biodegradable waste is one of the major sources for renewable energies in Germany. Within a biogas plant (BGP) a complex microbial community converts biomass to biogas. Unfortunately, disturbances of the biogas process occur occasionally and cause economic losses of varying extent. Besides technical failures the(More)