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Cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) has become the primary tool for noninvasive assessment of myocardial inflammation in patients with suspected myocarditis. The International Consensus Group on CMR Diagnosis of Myocarditis was founded in 2006 to achieve consensus among CMR experts and develop recommendations on the current state-of-the-art use of CMR(More)
The recommendations set forth in this report are those of the Task Force Members and do not necessarily reflect the official position of the American College of Cardiology. *Co-chairpersons. †Dr Shanti Mendis of the World Health Organization participated in the task force in her personal capacity, but this does not represent WHO approval of this document at(More)
Task Force Members: Gilles Montalescot* (Chairperson) (France), Udo Sechtem* (Chairperson) (Germany), Stephan Achenbach (Germany), Felicita Andreotti (Italy), Chris Arden (UK), Andrzej Budaj (Poland), Raffaele Bugiardini (Italy), Filippo Crea (Italy), Thomas Cuisset (France), Carlo Di Mario (UK), J. Rafael Ferreira (Portugal), Bernard J. Gersh (USA), Anselm(More)
CONTEXT Acute aortic dissection is a life-threatening medical emergency associated with high rates of morbidity and mortality. Data are limited regarding the effect of recent imaging and therapeutic advances on patient care and outcomes in this setting. OBJECTIVE To assess the presentation, management, and outcomes of acute aortic dissection. DESIGN(More)
Aortic dissection is a rare but potentially fatal event resulting in separation of the layers of the tunica media by ingress of blood, producing a false lumen with variable proximal and distal extension. Ascending aortic dissection is the most common catastrophe of the aorta; it is 2–3 times more common than rupture of the abdominal aorta. Mortality of(More)
BACKGROUND Myocarditis can occasionally lead to sudden death and may progress to dilated cardiomyopathy in up to 10% of patients. Because the initial onset is difficult to recognize clinically and the diagnostic tools available are unsatisfactory, new strategies to diagnose myocarditis are needed. METHODS AND RESULTS Cardiovascular MR imaging (CMR) was(More)
Authors/Task Force Members: Marco Roffi* (Chairperson) (Switzerland), Carlo Patrono * (Co-Chairperson) (Italy), Jean-Philippe Collet† (France), Christian Mueller† (Switzerland), Marco Valgimigli† (The Netherlands), Felicita Andreotti (Italy), Jeroen J. Bax (The Netherlands), Michael A. Borger (Germany), Carlos Brotons (Spain), Derek P. Chew (Australia),(More)
BACKGROUND Enteroviruses and adenoviruses have been considered the most common causes of viral myocarditis, but parvovirus B19 (PVB19) and human herpesvirus 6 (HHV6) are increasingly found in endomyocardial biopsy samples. METHODS AND RESULTS Consequently, our aim was to evaluate the prevalence and clinical presentation of cardiac PVB19 and/or HHV6(More)