Udo Ingbert Walther

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OBJECTIVES Resin (co)monomers may be released from restorative dental materials and can diffuse into the tooth pulp or the gingiva, and can reach the saliva and the circulating blood. Genotoxic potential of some dental composite components has been clearly documented. The genotoxic effects of xenobiotics can represent a possible step in tumor initiation(More)
In a previous work, it was shown that in cells after a decrease of cellular glutathione content, toxic zinc effects, such as protein synthesis inhibition or GSSG (glutathione, oxidized form) increases, were enhanced. In this study, zinc toxicity was determined by detection of methionine incorporation as a parameter of protein synthesis and GSSG increase in(More)
The excretion of the dental composite component triethylene glycol dimethacrylate (TEGDMA) in feces and urine in vivo and, using the pendular perfusion technique with segments of jejunum and colon, the biliary and enteric excretion in situ were investigated in anesthetized guinea pigs. In the in situ experiments guinea pigs (n = 4) received TEGDMA (0.02(More)
The effect of zinc on various pulmonary cell lines has been studied by measuring the depletion of total cellular glutathione after exposure to zinc(II) chloride at different concentrations. Total cellular glutathione (cGS) was measured at 31+/-3 nmol/mg, 3.8+/-0.6 nmol/mg, and 3.7+/-1.2 nmol/mg protein in A549, L2, and 11Lu cells, respectively. After(More)
Previous in vivo studies have shown that the comonomers triethylene glycol dimethacrylate (TEGDMA) and 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate (HEMA) from dental materials can be metabolised to CO(2) by two postulated pathways: an epoxide and a valine pathway. In the epoxide pathway the formation of pyruvate is postulated and in valine pathway the formation of(More)
OBJECTIVES AND METHODS In a previous study it was postulated that toxicity of 2-hydroxyethylmethacrylate (HEMA) and triethleneglycoldimethacrylate (TEGDMA) is based on oxidative metabolites. In this study the influence of antioxidative vitamins (including uric acid) on the toxicity of HEMA or TEGDMA was tested. Toxicity of HEMA and TEGDMA was determined in(More)
The monomer triethyleneglycoldimethacrylate (TEGDMA) is used as a diluent in many resin-based dental materials. It was previously shown in vitro that TEGDMA was released into the adjacent biophase from such materials during the first days after placement. In this study, the uptake, distribution, and excretion of 14C-TEGDMA applied via gastric, intradermal,(More)
No toxicokinetic data are available about the dental composite component 2-hydroxyethylmethacrylate (HEMA) in vivo in the literature. Therefore, the excretion of HEMA in feces and urine in vivo and, using the pendular perfusion technique with segments of jejunum and colon, in the biliary and enteric excretion in situ were investigated in anesthetized guinea(More)
OBJECTIVE The resin monomer triethyleneglycoldimethacrylate (TEGDMA) is used as a diluent in many resin-based bonding, cementing and direct tooth filling materials. METHODS In the present study the uptake and the clearance of 14C-TEGDMA applied via different routes were examined in vivo in guinea pigs. TEGDMA (0.02 mmol/kg by weight labeled with a tracer(More)
OBJECTIVE The effect of dental composite components triethyleneglycoldimethacrylate (TEGDMA) and hydroxyethylmethacrylate (HEMA), as well as mercuric chloride (HgCl2) and methylmercury chloride (MeHgCl) was investigated on the release of lactatedehydrogenase (LDH) from alveolar epithelial lung cell lines in vitro. METHODS The confluent cell layers from(More)