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This study focuses on the biological and morphological development of humus profiles in forested Italian Alpine soils as a function of climate. Humus form description, systematic investigation of microannelid communities and polyphasic biochemical fingerprinting of soil microbial communities (denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) and phospholipid(More)
A new fatty acid metabolite, octadeca-8,11-dienoic acid methylester (1) was isolated together with the known ergosterol (2) from Fistulina hepatica. The edible mushroom Fistulina hepatica is a relatively rarely occurring representative of the wood-rotting basidiomycetes for which no characteristic metabolites have been reported so far. The compounds 1 and 2(More)
The macrodiolide antibiotic elaiophylin (1) forms stable, long-lasting cation selective ion channels in planar lipid bilayer membranes prepared from soybean phosphatidylcholine. Current of the single ion channel displayed two sublevels corresponding to the two substates of the channel conductance: a slow substate, with about 5 s of mean dwell time in the(More)
The four homologous chrysospermins (Ia-d) are new 19 amino acid peptaibols which form cation selective ion channels in artificial lipid bilayer membranes. Conductance of channels formed by chrysospermins B (Ib) and D (Id) was twice as high (640 pS in 100 mM KCl) as found with chrysospermins A (Ia) and C (Ic). Single channel current traces were recorded for(More)
An interactive computer model of truck/shovel operations in an open-pit copper mine has been developed to aid in the design and evaluation of a computer-based truck dispatching system. Interactive features include computer graphics and alphanumeric displays of on-going simulation results and a facility for user command entry. These interactive features(More)
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