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Madurahydroxylactone (MHL) is a secondary metabolite produced by the soil bacterium Nonomuria rubra and belongs to the family of benzo[a]naphthacenequinones. We report the initial results and structure-activity relationships of our study into a series of thiosemicarbazone derivatives of madurahydroxylactone as potential nonsteroidal inhibitors of the enzyme… (More)
Four new diketopiperazine alkaloids (1-4) were isolated from cultures of Penicillium fellutanum, and their structures were determined by MS and NMR measurements.
Seven new triterpenoid metabolites (colossolactones; 1-7) were isolated from a fruiting body of Ganoderma colossum, and their structures were determined by MS and NMR methods.
Elaiophylin (1) and two new methyl derivatives, 11-O-monomethylelaiophylin (2) and 11,11'-O-dimethylelaiophylin (3), were isolated from the mycelium cake of Streptomyces strains HKI-0113 and HKI-0114. The structures of 2 and 3 were determined by mass spectrometric and NMR investigations. Compounds 2 and 3 display antimicrobial and moderate cytotoxic… (More)
We devised three protocols to test the postulate that increased morbidity during high-efficiency dialysis with large-surface-area units (LS) might be due in part to the increased flux of bicarbonate out and acetate into the patient inherent is LS dialysis. The first protocol showed that with LS-acetate dialysis there was a marked fall in plasma bicarbonate… (More)
An undescribed fungus of the genus Microsphaeropsis, isolated from the Mediterranean sponge Aplysina aerophoba, produces two new betaenone derivatives (1, 2) and three new 1,3,6, 8-tetrahydroxyanthraquinone congeners (5-7). The structures of the compounds were established on the basis of NMR spectroscopic and mass spectrometric data and by CD spectroscopy.… (More)
The immunomodulatory effects of ochratoxin A (OTA) and some of its metabolites on the human monocyte/macrophage line THP-1 are described. Metabolic activity, cell proliferation, cell membrane integrity, cell differentiation, phagocytic behaviour, nitrogen oxide synthesis and cell surface markers were largely suppressed by these mycotoxins at concentrations… (More)
The culture medium of Beauveria amorpha Hohn. exhibited strong radical scavenging properties. Activity-directed fractionation assisted by a radical scavenging assay on TLC afforded two active compounds which were identified as 6-methyl-2,4-dihydroxyphenyl 4-O-methyl-beta-D-glucopyranoside (1) and (-)-terredionol (2). Compound 1 displays radical scavenging… (More)