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The goal of this study was to explore the utility of parameters of ERPs for assessment of mental workload during performance of complex tasks. In addition to a baseline auditory oddball task, 15 healthy adult volunteers performed gauge monitoring (Gauge) and mental arithmetic (Math) separately and together. Throughout the task performance three types of(More)
Drowsiness and increased tendency to fall asleep during daytime is still a generally underestimated problem. An increased tendency to fall asleep limits the efficiency at work and substantially increases the risk of accidents. Reduced alertness is difficult to assess, particularly under real life settings. Most of the available measuring procedures are(More)
In a cross-sectional, electrophysiological study 91 workers of a big car factory performed a series of switch tasks to assess their cognitive control functions. Four groups of workers participated in the study: 23 young and 23 middle aged assembly line employees and 22 young and 23 middle aged employees with flexible job demands like service and(More)
We consider a model of active Brownian agents interacting via a harmonic attractive potential in a two-dimensional system in the presence of noise. By numerical simulations, we show that this model possesses a noise-induced transition characterized by the breakdown of translational motion and the onset of swarm rotation as the noise intensity is increased.(More)
As a rough model for the collective motions of cells and organisms we develop here the statistical mechanics of swarms of self-propelled particles. Our approach is closely related to the recently developed theory of active Brownian motion and the theory of canonical-dissipative systems. Free motion and motion of a swarms confined in an external field is(More)
Models of active Brownian motion in two-dimensional (2D) systems developed earlier are investigated with respect to the influence of linear attracting forces and external noise. Our consideration is restricted to the case that the driving is rather weak and that the forces show only weak deviations from radial symmetry. In this case an analytical study of(More)
The Mismatch Negativity (MMN), an index of auditory stimulus representation, was studied in a design of simultaneous auditory and visual stimulus presentation. A counting task drew the attention of participants to picture presentation and was unrelated to the occurring sounds. With the picture of a hammer hitting a nail a standard sound "bang" came along.(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE To evaluate the spontaneous eye-blink as drowsiness/sleepiness indicator in patients with obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) syndrome. PATIENTS AND METHODS Using a contact-free sensor for the recording of spontaneous eye-blinks, we investigated the diagnostic value of spontaneous blink parameters in 21 OSA patients. Before the study,(More)
Accelerations, a, in z- and x-directions were measured on the skin over spinous processes L3 and L4 in three subjects during sinusoidal whole-body vibration (WBV) at 4·5 and 8 Hz and 1·5 and 3·0 ms(-2) r.m.s. A method for the prediction of bone accelerations was applied using measurements on the skin. Relative accelerations were calculated by subtracting(More)
The motions of many physical particles as well as living creatures are mediated by random influences or 'noise'. One might expect that over evolutionary time scales internal random processes found in living systems display characteristics that maximize fitness. Here we focus on animal random search strategies [G.M. Viswanathan, S.V. Buldyrev, S. Havlin,(More)