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Drowsiness and increased tendency to fall asleep during daytime is still a generally underestimated problem. An increased tendency to fall asleep limits the efficiency at work and substantially increases the risk of accidents. Reduced alertness is difficult to assess, particularly under real life settings. Most of the available measuring procedures are(More)
The goal of this study was to explore the utility of parameters of ERPs for assessment of mental workload during performance of complex tasks. In addition to a baseline auditory oddball task, 15 healthy adult volunteers performed gauge monitoring (Gauge) and mental arithmetic (Math) separately and together. Throughout the task performance three types of(More)
We consider a model of active Brownian agents interacting via a harmonic attractive potential in a two-dimensional system in the presence of noise. By numerical simulations, we show that this model possesses a noise-induced transition characterized by the breakdown of translational motion and the onset of swarm rotation as the noise intensity is increased.(More)
This study was carried out in order: (1) to examine the effects of isolated and combined prolonged exposures to noise and whole-body vibration on hearing, vision and subjectively experienced strain, and (2) to check the combined effects with repeated exposures. Six male subjects were exposed twice to noise (N) at 92 dBA, whole-body vibration (V) in the(More)
In a cross-sectional, electrophysiological study 91 workers of a big car factory performed a series of switch tasks to assess their cognitive control functions. Four groups of workers participated in the study: 23 young and 23 middle aged assembly line employees and 22 young and 23 middle aged employees with flexible job demands like service and(More)
The Mismatch Negativity (MMN), an index of auditory stimulus representation, was studied in a design of simultaneous auditory and visual stimulus presentation. A counting task drew the attention of participants to picture presentation and was unrelated to the occurring sounds. With the picture of a hammer hitting a nail a standard sound "bang" came along.(More)
Models of active Brownian motion in two-dimensional (2D) systems developed earlier are investigated with respect to the influence of linear attracting forces and external noise. Our consideration is restricted to the case that the driving is rather weak and that the forces show only weak deviations from radial symmetry. In this case an analytical study of(More)
As a rough model for the collective motions of cells and organisms we develop here the statistical mechanics of swarms of self-propelled particles. Our approach is closely related to the recently developed theory of active Brownian motion and the theory of canonicaldissipative systems. Free motion and motion of a swarms confined in an external field is(More)
Accelerations of vertebrae during whole-body vibration (WBV) are used in occupational biomechanics for the prediction of internal stress. To avoid invasive techniques, a method for the calculation of bone accelerations was developed using measurements on the skin. The soft tissue between spinous processes L3 and T5 and miniature accelerometers stuck to the(More)
Nine healthy sitting males evaluated the intensity of vertical whole-body vibration (WBV) in z-axis at four frequencies (F1 = 0.63 Hz, F2 = 1.25 Hz, F3 = 2.5 Hz, F4 = 5 Hz) and two intensities (I1 = 1 ms-2 rms, I2 = 2 ms-2 rms) by cross-modality matching (CMM). The subjects were simultaneously exposed to low-frequency noise at two levels (L1 = 65 dBA, L2 =(More)