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OBJECTIVES To investigate the use of whole brain voxel based morphometry (VBM) and stereological analysis to study brain morphology in patients with medically intractable temporal lobe epilepsy; and to determine the relation between side, duration, and age of onset of temporal lobe epilepsy, history of childhood febrile convulsions, and grey matter(More)
We used voxel-based morphometry (VBM), an automatic whole-brain MR image analysis technique, to investigate gray matter abnormalities in patients with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE), in whom hippocampal atrophy (HA) was demonstrated by application of the Cavalieri method of modern design stereology. VBM results (P < 0.05, corrected) indicated preferential(More)
PURPOSE To investigate changes in hippocampal volume. METHODS We used serial magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in a patient who developed chronic epilepsy after having generalized tonic-clonic status epilepticus (SE). Five MRI investigations were performed during SE and a 58-month follow-up period. Hippocampal volumetric measurements and coregistration of(More)
We compared statistical parametric maps (SPMs) of group-wise regional gray matter differences between temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) patients with unilateral hippocampal atrophy (HA) determined by manual volumetric analysis relative to a healthy control population using standard and optimized voxel-based morphometry (VBM). We also investigated the impact of(More)
The purpose of this work is to detect and assess the significance of subtle signal changes in mixed-signal lesions based on serial MRI scan matching. Pairs of serially acquired T1-weighted volume MR images from 20 normal controls and seven patients with epilepsy were matched and difference images obtained. The precision and consistency of the registration(More)
PURPOSE Diffusion tensor imaging allows the quantitative assessment of the microstructural organization of tracts in vivo (MR tractography). We used the new technique of MR tractography to demonstrate the effects of temporal lobectomy on the optic radiation. METHODS Spatially normalised maps encoding magnitude of the bias (anisotropy) of diffusion of(More)
Diffusion tensor imaging is a magnetic resonance method which provides quantitative measurements of the directionality (anisotropy) of diffusion. Anisotropy measurements can be used to obtain quantitative information about the microstructural integrity of white matter tracts. In intact tracts diffusion is restricted and directional because water molecules(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the diagnostic value of the fast FLAIR sequence in patients with epilepsy. METHODS One hundred and twenty eight patients with epilepsy and 10 control subjects were scanned with the fast FLAIR sequence with 5 mm slices, a coronal gradient echo (GRE) T1 weighted sequence with 1.5 mm slices and spin echo (SE) or fast spin echo (FSE)(More)