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OBJECTIVE The aim was to characterise the new compound HOE642 as a selective and cardioprotective Na+/H+ exchange inhibitor in various models. METHODS The effect of HOE642 was tested in the osmotically activated Na+/H+ exchange of rabbit erythrocytes and in propionate induced swelling of human thrombocytes. Recovery of pH after an NH4Cl prepulse and(More)
1. Hoe 140 (D-Arg-[Hyp3, Thi5, D-Tic7, Oic8]bradykinin) is a new bradykinin (BK)-antagonist. It was tested in several in vitro assays and compared with D-Arg-[Hyp2,Thi5,8,D-Phe7]BK. 2. In receptor binding studies in guinea-pig ileum preparations, Hoe 140 showed an IC50 of 1.07 x 10(-9) mol l-1 and a KI value of 7.98 x 10(-10) mol l-1. 3. In isolated organ(More)
1. The benzoylguanidine derivative Hoe 694 ((3-methylsulphonyl-4- piperidino-benzoyl) guanidine methanesulphonate) was characterized as an inhibitor of Na+/H+ exchange in rabbit erythrocytes, rat platelets and bovine endothelial cells. The potency of the compound was slightly lower or comparable to ethylisopropyl amiloride (EIPA). 2. To investigate a(More)
Full-length transcript sequences were isolated from broad bean root nodules, which encode a novel nodulin designated VfENOD18. The corresponding transcripts were detected in early and in late stages of nodule development and were localized exclusively in the nitrogen-fixing zone III. The VfENOD18 sequence is not only homologous to a number of ESTs from(More)
1. The potency, duration of action and tolerability of Hoe 140, a novel and highly potent bradykinin (BK) antagonist in vitro, has been tested in different in vivo models and compared with the well-known BK antagonist D-Arg-[Hyp2, Thi5,8, D-Phe7]BK. 2. Hoe 140 is highly potent and long acting in inhibiting BK-induced hypotensive responses in the rat. Four(More)
1. Angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE)-inhibitors have been demonstrated to be effective in the treatment of cardiac hypertrophy when used in antihypertensive doses. The aim of our one year study with an ACE-inhibitor in rats was to separate local cardiac effects produced by a non-antihypertensive dose from those on systemic blood pressure when an(More)
OBJECTIVE Apoptosis of cardiomyocytes may contribute to ischemia-reperfusion injury. The role of nitric oxide (NO) in apoptosis is controversial. Therefore, we investigated the effect of NO synthase inhibition on apoptosis of cardiomyocytes during ischemia and reperfusion and elucidated the underlying mechanisms. METHODS AND RESULTS Isolated perfused rat(More)
In order to elucidate the mode of action of tetanus toxin, particles from rat forebrain were preloaded with tritiated GABA or D-aspartate, pre-incubated with tetanus toxin and then depolarized with K+, either in a batch procedure or by superfusion. The toxin depresses, but does not abolish, the evoked outflow of both amino acids in either system. Omission(More)
 The inhibitors of the Na+/H+-exchange (NHE1) system Hoe 694 and Hoe 642 possess cardioprotective effects in ischaemia/reperfusion. It is assumed that these effects are due to the prevention of intracellular sodium (Nai) and calcium (Cai) overload. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effects of Hoe 642 on intracellular pH, Na+ and Ca2+(More)
It has been argued that activation of KATP channels in the sarcolemmal membrane of heart muscle cells during ischemia provides an endogenous cardioprotective mechanism. In order to test whether the novel cardioselective KATP channel blocker HMR 1098 affects cardiac function during ischemia, experiments were performed in rat hearts during ischemia and(More)