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During this century, several investigators reported that certain viruses, metals, drugs, and other solutes could bypass systemic circulation and enter the brain and/or cerebrospinal fluid directly following nasal administration. Although evidence clearly suggests that the olfactory epithelium and its olfactory cells play a major role, little is known about(More)
PURPOSE To determine the influence of the choroid-Bruch's layer and solute lipophilicity on in vitro transscleral drug permeability in bovine and porcine eyes. METHODS The in vitro permeability of two VEGF inhibitory drugs, budesonide and celecoxib, which are lipophilic and neutral at physiologic pH, and of three marker solutes, 3H-mannitol (hydrophilic,(More)
A light-activated polycaprolactone dimethacrylate (PCM) and hydroxyethyl methacrylate (HEMA) based gel network was developed to sustain the release of stable, active bevacizumab (an anti-VEGF antibody used to treat choroidal neovascularization) and used to assess sustained ex vivo delivery in rabbit eyes and in vivo delivery in rat eyes following in situ(More)
Overexpression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is implicated in the development of vascular leakage and retinal neovascularization in diabetic subjects. The objective of this study was to determine whether celecoxib, a selective cyclooxygenase-2 enzyme inhibitor, reaches ocular tissues following oral administration and inhibits the retinal VEGF(More)
Our purpose was to assess sustained delivery and enhanced efficacy of pirfenidone-loaded nanoparticles after intratracheal instillation.Poly(lactide-co-glycolide) nanoparticles containing pirfenidone (NPs) were prepared and characterized. Biodistribution of NPs and solution was assessed using LC-MS after intratracheal administration in C57Bl/6 mice at 3 and(More)
Topical ocular drug bioavailability is notoriously poor, in the order of 5% or less. This is a consequence of effective multiple barriers to drug entry, comprising nasolacrimal drainage, epithelial drug transport barriers and clearance from the vasculature in the conjunctiva. While sustained drug delivery to the back of the eye is now feasible with(More)
This paper discusses the challenges to be met in designing delivery systems that maximize the absorption of peptide and protein drugs from the gastrointestinal and respiratory tracts. The ideal delivery system for either route of administration is one that will release its contents only at a favorable region of absorption, where the delivery system attaches(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to determine whether budesonide inhibits expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in a retinal pigment epithelial cell line (ARPE-19) and to determine whether subconjunctivally administered budesonide nano- and microparticles sustain retinal drug levels. METHODS The effect of budesonide (100 pM to 10(More)
We have previously reported that repeated oral doses of celecoxib, a selective cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitor, reduced diabetes-induced retinal vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression [Ayalasomayajula, S.P., Kompella, U.B., 2003. Celecoxib, a selective cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitor, inhibits retinal vascular endothelial growth factor(More)
Small changes in temperature and pressure near the critical region induce dramatic changes in the density and solubility of supercritical fluids, thereby facilitating the use of environmentally benign agents such as CO2 for their solvent and antisolvent properties in processing a wide variety of materials. While supercritical fluid technologies have been in(More)