UM Hollenstein

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This prospective crossover study compared the pharmacokinetics of meropenem by continuous infusion and by intermittent administration in critically ill patients. Fifteen patients were randomized to receive meropenem either as a 2 g iv loading dose, followed by a 3 g continuous infusion (CI) over 24 h, or by intermittent administration (IA) of 2 g iv every 8(More)
The pharmacokinetic properties of meropenem were investigated in nine critically ill patients treated by continuous venovenous hemofiltration (CVVH). All patients received one dose of 1 g of meropenem intravenously. High-flux polysulfone membranes were used as dialyzers. Meropenem levels were measured in plasma and ultrafiltrate by high-performance liquid(More)
Levels of procalcitonin (ProCT) have been found to be elevated in individuals with severe bacterial infections such as sepsis and peritonitis, and this correlates well with the severity of the disease. Recently, increased levels have been described in melioidosis and Plasmodium falciparum malaria. In this study ProCT levels were measured in 27 Thai patients(More)
Interstitial ciprofloxacin concentrations were measured by microdialysis in inflamed foot lesions of non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus patients following intravenous administration of 0. 2 g of ciprofloxacin. Interstitial ciprofloxacin concentrations were significantly lower than corresponding serum concentrations. There was no significant difference(More)
The pathophysiologic backgrounds of anemia in malaria are complex and multifactorial. The purpose of the present study was to measure serum concentrations of erythropoietin (EPO) and to evaluate the adequacy of EPO production in patients suffering from acute Plasmodium falciparum malaria. Fifteen patients with complicated malaria were included in the study.(More)
During sepsis, lipopolysaccharide (LPS) triggers the development of disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) via the tissue factor-dependent pathway of coagulation resulting in massive thrombin generation and fibrin polymerization. Recently, animal studies demonstrated that hirudin reduced fibrin deposition in liver and kidney and decreased mortality in(More)
We describe a new approach to quantify in vivo anti-infective activity by simulating effect site pharmacokinetics of antibiotics in vitro. This approach is based on (i) the in vivo measurement of interstitial drug pharmacokinetics (PK) at the target site and (ii) a subsequent pharmacodynamic (PD) simulation of the time versus drug concentration profile in(More)
During infection, the development of nonresponsiveness to granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) may be influenced by the down-modulation of G-CSF receptor (G-CSFR) by cytokines. This down-modulation was studied during experimental human endotoxemia. Healthy volunteers received either 2 ng/kg endotoxin (lipopolysaccharide [LPS], n=20) or placebo(More)
BACKGROUND Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) is a major trigger of sepsis-induced disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) via the tissue factor (TF)/factor VIIa-dependent pathway of coagulation. Experimental endotoxemia has been used repeatedly to explore this complex pathophysiology, but little is known about the effects of clinically used anticoagulants in(More)
The PFA-100 measures platelet plug formation under shear stress and is strongly dependent on von Willebrand Factor (VWF) levels in plasma. We therefore hypothesized that elevated VWF levels, possibly as a result of acute inflammation, adversely influence PFA-100 results. Healthy volunteers received either 2 ng/kg endotoxin or placebo in a randomized(More)