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Topical insecticide treatments to protect dogs from sand fly vectors of leishmaniasis.
The combined effects on sand fly feeding and survival indicate that epidemiologic, community-based trials are warranted to test whether deltamethrin collars could reduce the incidence of canine and, hence, human leishmaniasis.
Treatment of oral myiasis caused by Cochliomyia hominivorax: two cases treated with ivermectin.
[Human and canine American cutaneous leishmaniasis in Mariluz, Paraná State, Brazil].
The environmental alterations and remaining forests facilitate the maintenance of the parasite's enzootic cycle and transmission to humans and domestic animals, thereby maintaining the endemicity of American cutaneous leishmaniasis.
Can Equids Be a Reservoir of Leishmania braziliensis in Endemic Areas?
The results show that equids are infected with L. braziliensis, which could be food sources for phlebotomines in the peridomiciliary environment and consequently play a role in the cutaneous leishmaniasis cycle.
PCR in the investigation of canine American tegumentary leishmaniasis in northwestern Paraná State, Brazil.
PCR was useful for diagnosing ATL, but there was no correlation between lesions, serology, and plasma PCR, and detection of parasite DNA in the blood may indicate hematogenous parasite dissemination.
Spatial distribution of cutaneous leishmaniasis in the state of Paraná, Brazil
The state of Paraná should keep a constant surveillance over CL due to the prominent presence of socioeconomic and environmental factors such as the favorable circumstances for the vectors present in peri-urban and agriculture áreas.
Phlebotomine sandfly responses to carbon dioxide and human odour in the field
- M. C. Pinto, D. Campbell-Lendrum, A. L. Lozovei, U. Teodoro, C. Davies
- BiologyMedical and veterinary entomology
- 1 June 2001
This is the first field evidence that anthropophilic sandflies are attracted by human kairomones in addition to CO2, and gender differences in sandfly olfactory sensitivity are likely to be associated with behavioural differences on the host.
[Influence of rearrangement and cleaning of the peridomiciliary area and building disinsectization on sandfly population density in the municipality of Doutor Camargo, Paraná State, Brazil].
The large reduction in the number of phlebotomine sandflies captured in the second period may be due to the impact of alterations in the environment and the disinsectization of the buildings after the first period.
Reorganization and cleanness of peridomiciliar area to control sand flies (Diptera, Psychodidae, Phlebotominae) in South Brazil
The present work demonstrates that the reorganization and cleaning of the peridomicily can take to a decrease in the Phlebotominae population and like this to decrease the risk of transmission of Leishmania in endemic areas.
[The laboratory diagnosis and epidemiology of cutaneous leishmaniasis in Paraná State, southern Brazil].
Between 1986 and 1997 a total of 1418 patients were examined at the Clinical Analysis Teaching and Research Laboratory of Maringá State University (LEPAC/UEM) for cutaneous leishmaniasis by direct…