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Biofilms: an emergent form of bacterial life
TLDR
The fundamental role of the biofilm matrix is considered, describing how the characteristic features of biofilms — such as social cooperation, resource capture and enhanced survival of exposure to antimicrobials — all rely on the structural and functional properties of the matrix.
Bacterial dehalorespiration with chlorinated benzenes
TLDR
According to their 16S rRNA gene sequences, strain CBDB1, Dehalococcoides ethenogenes and several uncultivated bacteria form a new bacterial cluster, of which strain CB DB1 is the first, so far, to thrive on a purely synthetic medium.
Microbiological safety of drinking water.
TLDR
To perform a risk analysis for the pathogens in drinking water, it is necessary to understand the ecology of these organisms, including newly-recognized pathogens from fecal sources and pathogens that are able to grow in water distribution systems.
Abundance and spatial organization of Gram-negative sulfate-reducing bacteria in activated sludge investigated by in situ probing with specific 16S rRNA targeted oligonucleotides
A comprehensive panel of ten 16S rRNA targeted oligonucleotides specific for mesophilic sulfate-reducing bacteria (SRB) within the δ-subclass of Proteobacteria was developed as a diagnostic tool and
Transformation of Industrial Dyes by Manganese Peroxidases from Bjerkandera adusta and Pleurotus eryngii in a Manganese-Independent Reaction
TLDR
Dye oxidation by these peroxidases was not increased by adding veratryl alcohol as it was in LiP reactions, and the reaction was inhibited by the presence of Mn2+, which in the case of Reactive Black 5, an azo dye which is not oxidized by the Mn3+-lactate complex, was found to act as a noncompetitive inhibitor of dye oxidation by B. adusta MnP1.
Heterogeneity in biofilms.
TLDR
The expanding field of molecular techniques not only allows more and more detailed documentation of the spatial distribution of species, but also of functional activities of single cells in their biofilm environment.
Dynamics of biofilm formation in drinking water: phylogenetic affiliation and metabolic potential of single cells assessed by formazan reduction and in situ hybridization
TLDR
In situ hybridization with group-specific rRNA-targeted oligonucleotide probes revealed the prevalence of bacteria belonging to the β-subclass of Proteobacteria within the bacterial biofilm populations, and differences in the population composition depended on the surface properties of the substrata.
Phylogenetic Composition, Spatial Structure, and Dynamics of Lotic Bacterial Biofilms Investigated by Fluorescent in Situ Hybridization and Confocal Laser Scanning Microscopy
A bstractThe phylogenetic composition, three-dimensional structure and dynamics of bacterial communities in river biofilms generated in a rotating annular reactor system were studied by fluorescent
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