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History of click-speaking populations of Africa inferred from mtDNA and Y chromosome genetic variation.
TLDR
New genetic data show that the Sandawe and southern African click speakers share rare mtDNA and Y chromosome haplogroups; however, common ancestry of the 2 populations dates back >35,000 years, which suggests that at the time of the spread of agriculture and pastoralism, the click-speaking populations were already isolated from one another. Expand
Serial SimCoal: A population genetics model for data from multiple populations and points in time
TLDR
Serial SimCoal, a program that models population genetic data from multiple time points, as with ancient DNA data, is presented, an extension of SIMCOAL, which allows simultaneous modeling of complex demographic histories, and migration between multiple populations. Expand
Evaluation of non-invasive genetic sampling methods for estimating tiger population size
TLDR
This paper developed a rigorous combination of captive, laboratory and field-based protocols for identifying individual tigers (Panthera tigris) from fecal DNA, exploring trade-offs between numbers of microsatellite loci used for reliable individual identifications and the need for higher capture rates for robust analyses. Expand
Why the Indian Subcontinent Holds the Key to Global Tiger Recovery
TLDR
The analyses reveals that Indian tigers retain more than half of the extant genetic diversity in the species, and suggests the Indian subcontinent holds the key to global survival and recovery of wild tigers. Expand
Genetic Analysis of Group Composition and Breeding System in a Wild Common Marmoset (Callithrix jacchus) Population
TLDR
The data provide no evidence for polyandry and are inconclusive with respect to extragroup paternity, but noninvasive multilocus genotyping methods will resolve these questions when longer-term studies of entire populations are undertaken. Expand
Ancient Geographical Gaps and Paleo-Climate Shape the Phylogeography of an Endemic Bird in the Sky Islands of Southern India
TLDR
The results show that the physiography and paleo-climate of this region historically resulted in multiple glacial refugia that may have subsequently driven the evolutionary history and current population structure of this bird. Expand
Connectivity of Tiger (Panthera tigris) Populations in the Human-Influenced Forest Mosaic of Central India
TLDR
It is suggested that future management strategies aim to minimize urban expansion between protected areas to maximize tiger connectivity and individual-based genetic and landscape ecology approaches are combined to address this issue. Expand
Phylogenetic relationships and morphometric affinities of the Arunachal macaque Macaca munzala, a newly described primate from Arunachal Pradesh, northeastern India.
TLDR
Molecular analyses establish the distinct identity of the Arunachal macaque Macaca munzala and indicate a time of origin of c. Expand
Tiger decline caused by the reduction of large ungulate prey: evidence from a study of leopard diets in southern India
TLDR
The diets and the relative densities of leopards and tigers were examined, comparing scat from this park with that from the Mudumalai Wildlife Sanctuary, a park known to have high leopard and tiger densities. Expand
A panel of microsatellites to individually identify leopards and its application to leopard monitoring in human dominated landscapes
TLDR
A DNA-based method for leopard individual identification where fecal DNA samples are used to obtain genetic material and the selected panel of eight microsatellite loci can conclusively identify leopards from various kinds of biological samples is described. Expand
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