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Psilocybin occasioned mystical-type experiences: immediate and persisting dose-related effects
TLDR
Under supportive conditions, 20 and 30 mg/70 kg psilocybin occasioned mystical-type experiences having persisting positive effects on attitudes, mood, and behavior.
Altered Serotonin Innervation Patterns in the Forebrain of Monkeys Treated with (±)3,4-Methylenedioxymethamphetamine Seven Years Previously: Factors Influencing Abnormal Recovery
TLDR
No loss of 5-HT nerve cell bodies in the rostral raphe nuclei was found, indicating that abnormal innervation patterns in MDMA-treated monkeys are not the result of loss of a particular 5- HT nerve cell group.
Memory impairment in abstinent MDMA ("Ecstasy") users
TLDR
The extent of memory impairment correlates with the degree of MDMA exposure and the reduction in brain 5-HT, as indexed by CSF 5-HIAA.
(±)3,4-Methylenedioxymethamphetamine (‘Ecstasy’)-Induced Serotonin Neurotoxicity: Studies in Animals
TLDR
It is demonstrated, using principles of interspecies scaling, that dosages of MDMA known to be neurotoxic in animals fall squarely in the range of dosages used typically by recreational MDMA users.
Serotonin Neurotoxicity after (±)3,4-Methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA; “Ecstasy”): A Controlled Study in Humans
TLDR
Differences in personality support the view that 5-HT systems are involved in modulating impulsive and aggressive personality traits and suggest that5-HT neurotoxicity may be a potential complication of MDMA use.
Positron emission tomographic studies of brain dopamine and serotonin transporters in abstinent (±)3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (“ecstasy”) users: relationship to cognitive performance
TLDR
Memory performance in the aggregate subject population was correlated with SERT binding in the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex, orbitofrontal cortex, and parietal cortex, brain regions implicated in memory function, the first to directly relate memory performance to brain SERT density.
Reduced Striatal Dopamine Transporter Density in Abstinent Methamphetamine and Methcathinone Users: Evidence from Positron Emission Tomography Studies with [11C]WIN-35,428
TLDR
Persistent reductions in DAT density in methamphetamine and methcathinone users are suggestive of loss of DAT or loss of DA terminals and raise the possibility that as these individuals age, they may be at increased risk for the development of parkinsonism or neuropsychiatric conditions in which brain DA neurons have been implicated.
Cognitive performance in (±) 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA, “ecstasy”) users: a controlled study
TLDR
The present CSF data provide further evidence that MDMA is neurotoxic to brain 5-HT neurons in humans, and the behavioral data suggest that brain5-HT injury is associated with subtle, but significant, cognitive deficits.
3,4-Methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA, "Ecstasy"): pharmacology and toxicology in animals and humans.
TLDR
Improved recognition of MDMA-related syndromes is hoped to provide insight into the function of serotonin in the human brain, in health as well as disease.
Brain Dopamine Neurotoxicity in Baboons Treated with Doses of Methamphetamine Comparable to Those Recreationally Abused by Humans: Evidence from [11C]WIN-35,428 Positron Emission Tomography Studies
TLDR
The results indicate that methamphetamine, at doses used by some humans, produces long-term reductions in brain DA axonal markers in baboons, and that it is possible to detect methamphetamine-induced DAT loss in living nonhuman primates by means of PET.
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