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Agriculture's impact on microbial diversity and associated fluxes of carbon dioxide and methane
The expectation that microbial diversity is a better predictor of the magnitude and stability of processes catalyzed by organisms with highly specialized metabolisms as compared with processes driven by widely distributed metabolic processes, like CO2 production in heterotrophs is upheld.
Bacteria, phages and pigs: the effects of in-feed antibiotics on the microbiome at different gut locations
The collateral effects on the microbiota of antibiotic-fed animals caused divergence from that of control animals, with notable changes being increases in Escherichia coli populations in the ileum, Lachnobacterium spp.
Antibiotics in Feed Induce Prophages in Swine Fecal Microbiomes
Comparative metagenomics shows that prophages are induced by in-feed antibiotics in swine fecal microbiomes and that antibiotic resistance genes were detected in most viromes, suggesting that in- feed antibiotics are contributing to phage-mediated gene transfer, potentially of antibiotic resistant genes, in the swine gut.
Butyrate-Producing Bacteria, Including Mucin Degraders, from the Swine Intestinal Tract
Three of the isolates grew on mucin, suggesting an intimate association with host intestinal mucosa, and butyryl coenzyme A (CoA):acetate CoA transferase activity, are associated with gut health problems.
Integrating microbial ecology into ecosystem models: challenges and priorities
Microbial communities can potentially mediate feedbacks between global change and ecosystem function, owing to their sensitivity to environmental change and their control over critical biogeochemical
Cloacibacillus porcorum sp. nov., a mucin-degrading bacterium from the swine intestinal tract and emended description of the genus Cloacibacillus
A novel anaerobic, mesophilic, amino-acid-fermenting bacterium, isolated from the swine intestinal tract on mucin-based media, and it is proposed that strain CL-84T represents a novel species of the genus Cloacibacillus.
Function and Phylogeny of Bacterial Butyryl Coenzyme A:Acetate Transferases and Their Diversity in the Proximal Colon of Swine
ABSTRACT Studying the host-associated butyrate-producing bacterial community is important, because butyrate is essential for colonic homeostasis and gut health. Previous research has identified the