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Nymphalid butterflies diversify following near demise at the Cretaceous/Tertiary boundary
The butterfly family Nymphalidae contains some of the most important non-drosophilid insect model systems for evolutionary and ecological studies, yet the evolutionary history of the group hasExpand
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Higher level phylogeny of Satyrinae butterflies (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) based on DNA sequence data.
We have inferred the first empirically supported hypothesis of relationships for the cosmopolitan butterfly subfamily Satyrinae. We used 3090 base pairs of DNA from the mitochondrial gene COI and theExpand
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Out‐of‐Africa origin and dispersal‐mediated diversification of the butterfly genus Junonia (Nymphalidae: Nymphalinae)
The relative importance of dispersal and vicariance in the diversification of taxa has been much debated. Within butterflies, a few studies published so far have demonstrated vicariant patterns atExpand
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Phylogeny and biogeography of Coenonympha butterflies (Nymphalidae: Satyrinae) – patterns of colonization in the Holarctic
Abstract We studied the historical biogeography of a group of butterflies in the Holarctic region belonging to the genus Coenonympha (Nymphalidae: Satyrinae: Coenonymphina), based on a phylogeneticExpand
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Tectonic calibrations in molecular dating
Molecular dating techniques require the use of calibrations, which are usually fossil or geological vicariance-based. Fossil calibrations have been criticised because they result only in minimum ageExpand
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The evolutionary significance of butterfly eyespots
Numerous butterflies have circular patterns called eyespots on their wings. Explanations for their functional value have until recently remained hypothetical. However, several studies in the last fewExpand
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Eyespot evolution: phylogenetic insights from Junonia and related butterfly genera (Nymphalidae: Junoniini)
SUMMARY Butterfly eyespots have been the focus of a number of developmental and evolutionary studies. However, a phylogenetic component has rarely been explicitly incorporated in these studies. InExpand
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Hostplant change and paleoclimatic events explain diversification shifts in skipper butterflies (Family: Hesperiidae)
BackgroundSkippers (Family: Hesperiidae) are a large group of butterflies with ca. 4000 species under 567 genera. The lack of a time-calibrated higher-level phylogeny of the group has precludedExpand
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Systematics and historical biogeography of the old world butterfly subtribe Mycalesina (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae: Satyrinae)
BackgroundButterflies of the subtribe Mycalesina have radiated successfully in almost all habitat types in Africa, Madagascar, the Indian subcontinent, Indo-China and Australasia. Studies aimed atExpand
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Reproductive isolation and patterns of genetic differentiation in a cryptic butterfly species complex
Molecular studies of natural populations are often designed to detect and categorize hidden layers of cryptic diversity, and an emerging pattern suggests that cryptic species are more common and moreExpand
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