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Molecular Evidence for a Uniform Microbial Community in Sponges from Different Oceans
TLDR
A picture emerges where sponges can be viewed as highly concentrated reservoirs of so far uncultured and elusive marine microorganisms.
Genomic islands in pathogenic and environmental microorganisms
TLDR
Recent lessons that have been learned from pathogenicity islands in pathogenic microorganisms are discussed and how they apply to the role of genomic islands in commensal, symbiotic and environmental bacteria are discussed.
Marine sponges as microbial fermenters.
TLDR
This review covers recent findings regarding diversity, biogeography and population dynamics of sponge-associated microbiota, and the data are discussed within the larger context of the microbiology of the ocean.
Assessing the complex sponge microbiota: core, variable and species-specific bacterial communities in marine sponges
TLDR
This global analysis represents the most comprehensive study of bacterial symbionts in sponges to date and provides novel insights into the complex structure of these unique associations.
Animals in a bacterial world, a new imperative for the life sciences
TLDR
Recent technological and intellectual advances that have changed thinking about five questions about how have bacteria facilitated the origin and evolution of animals; how do animals and bacteria affect each other’s genomes; how does normal animal development depend on bacterial partners; and how is homeostasis maintained between animals and their symbionts are highlighted.
Isolation and phylogenetic analysis of bacteria with antimicrobial activities from the Mediterranean sponges Aplysina aerophoba and Aplysina cavernicola.
TLDR
The high recovery of strains with antimicrobial activity suggests that marine sponges represent an ecological niche which harbors a hitherto largely uncharacterized microbial diversity and, concomitantly, a yet untapped metabolic potential.
Diversity, structure and convergent evolution of the global sponge microbiome
TLDR
It is shown that sponges are a reservoir of exceptional microbial diversity and major contributors to the total microbial diversity of the world's oceans, and a model of independent assembly and evolution in symbiont communities across the entire host phylum is supported.
Genomic insights into the marine sponge microbiome
TLDR
Current understanding of the interactions between marine sponges and their microbial symbiotic consortia is discussed, and recent insights into these relationships from genomic studies are highlighted.
Physiology, phylogeny and in situ evidence for bacterial and archaeal nitrifiers in the marine sponge Aplysina aerophoba.
TLDR
The potential for nitrification in the Mediterranean sponge Aplysina aerophoba was assessed using a combined physiological and molecular approach and the presence of both Nitrosospira cluster 1 and crenarchaeal group 1 phylotypes in sponge tissue was confirmed.
Linking abundance and diversity of sponge-associated microbial communities to metabolic differences in host sponges
TLDR
Sequence analysis of the microbial communities showed a diversity of metabolic capabilities among the microbes of the lowδ15N group, which are lacking in the high δ15 N group, further supporting metabolic differences between the two groups.
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