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Determinants of wordlikeness: Phonotactics or lexical neighborhoods?
Wordlikeness, the extent to which a sound sequence is typical of words in a language, affects language acquisition, language processing, and verbal short-term memory. Wordlikeness has generally been…
Self-interest and pro-environmental behaviour
Inspired by the principles used to market physical products, campaigns to promote pro-environmental behaviour have increasingly emphasized self-interested (for example, economic) reasons for engaging…
Perceptions of randomness: why three heads are better than four.
It is proposed that once the likely nature of people's actual experience of such processes is taken into account, these "errors" and "biases" actually emerge as apt reflections of the probabilistic characteristics of sequences of random events.
Similarity as transformation
Diversity-Based Reasoning in Children
Robust sensitivity to diversity in children as young as 5 is reported, using everyday stimuli such as pictures of objects with people, and it is shown that children more readily draw on diversity when reasoning about objects and their relations with people than when Reasoning about objects' internal, hidden properties.
The rationality of informal argumentation: a Bayesian approach to reasoning fallacies.
Classical informal reasoning "fallacies," for example, begging the question or arguing from ignorance, while ubiquitous in everyday argumentation, have been subject to little systematic investigation…
Unrealistic optimism about future life events: a cautionary note.
It is demonstrated how unbiased responses can result in data patterns commonly interpreted as indicative of optimism for purely statistical reasons, which implies that to the extent that such a bias exists, the authors know considerably less about its magnitude, mechanisms, and moderators than previously assumed.
The psychological mechanism of the slippery slope argument
Similarity and rules: distinct? exhaustive? empirically distinguishable?