U. Zülicke

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This article presents an overview of results pertaining to electronic structure, transport properties, and interaction effects in ballistic quantum wires with Rashba spin splitting. Limits of weak and strong spin–orbit coupling are distinguished, and spin properties of the electronic states elucidated. The case of strong Rashba spin splitting where the(More)
We have studied the Zeeman splitting in ballistic hole quantum wires formed in a (311)A quantum well by surface gate confinement. Transport measurements clearly show lifting of the spin degeneracy and crossings of the subbands when an in-plane magnetic field B is applied parallel to the wire. When B is oriented perpendicular to the wire, no spin splitting(More)
We have studied magnetotransport in arrays of niobium filled grooves in an InAs/Al(x)Ga(1-x)Sb heterostructure. The critical field of up to 2.6 T permits one to enter the quantum Hall regime. In the superconducting state, we observe strong magnetoresistance oscillations, whose amplitude exceeds the Shubnikov-de Haas oscillations by a factor of about 2, when(More)
– We study spin precession due to Rashba spin splitting of electrons and holes in semiconductor quantum wells. Based on a simple analytical expression that we derive for the current modulation in a broad class of experimental situations of ferromagnet/nonmagnetic semiconductor/ferromagnet hybrid structures, we conclude that the Datta-Das spin transistor (i)(More)
We show that the interplay of cyclotron motion and Andreev reflection experienced by massless-Dirac-like charge carriers in topological-insulator surface states generates a Majorana-particle excitation. On the basis of an envelope-function description of the Dirac-Andreev edge states, we discuss the kinematic properties of the Majorana mode and find them to(More)
We present a theory for spin-polarized transport through a generic organic polymer connected to ferromagnetic leads with arbitrary angle θ between their magnetization directions, taking into account the polaron and bipolaron states as effective charge and spin carriers. Within a diffusive description of polaron-bipolaron transport including(More)
The quantum liquid formed by charge carriers in a conductor is a very excitable system [1]. Besides carrying electric current and screening electromagnetic fields, it can mediate magnetic interactions between stationary microscopic magnetic moments embedded in its host material (such as those from impurities). This so-called Ruderman-Kittel-Kasuya-Yosida(More)
We present an analysis of citations accrued over time by patents granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office in 1998. In contrast to previous studies, a disaggregation by technology category is performed, and exogenously caused citation-number growth is controlled for. Our approach reveals an intrinsic citation rate that clearly separates into(More)
The semiconductor quantum point contact has long been a focal point for studies of one-dimensional (1D) electron transport. Their electrical properties are typically studied using ac conductance methods, but recent work has shown that the dc conductance can be used to obtain additional information, with a density-dependent Landé effective g-factor recently(More)