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We present the first superconducting hot electron bolometer (HEB) waveguide mixer operating at 4.7 THz. The 5.5-nm-thick, 300-nm-long, and 3600-nm-wide NbN HEB microbridge is integrated into a normal metal (Au) planar circuit on a 2 μm thick silicon substrate. This circuit is integrated in a 24 μm × 48 μm × 21 μm(More)
We demonstrate for the first time the closure of an electronic phase lock loop for a continuous-wave quantum cascade laser (QCL) at 1.5 THz. The QCL is operated in a closed cycle cryo cooler. We achieved a frequency stability of better than 100 Hz, limited by the resolution bandwidth of the spectrum analyser. The PLL electronics make use of the intermediate(More)
We present the upGREAT THz heterodyne arrays for far-infrared astronomy. The low-frequency array (LFA) is designed to cover the 1.9-2.5 THz range using 2 × 7-pixel waveguide-based HEB mixer arrays in a dual polarization configuration. The high-frequency array (HFA) will perform observations of the [OI] line at ~ 4.745 THz using a 7-pixel waveguide-(More)
Far Infrared Astronomy is one of the last explored fields in astronomy. Several bolometer cameras have already been developed with several hundred or more pixels and there is rapid progress in this area, however high resolution spectroscopy using heterodyne receivers have still not reached that level of maturity. Indeed, until now, only single pixel or(More)
We evaluated the optical performance of an IR echelle grating produced on a silicon wafer with anisotropic etching techniques. We measured the diffraction efficiency of a sample with a 55° blaze angle and 25-µm groove spacing. We also calculated the efficiency for typical triangular and trapezoidal groove profiles of etched gratings. The diffraction(More)
2×2 parallel fed and 3×3 serial fed patch antenna arrays on a benzocyclobutene (BCB) polymer layer are integrated with a 70 μm wide, dry etched, double metal waveguide quantum cascade laser, operating at about 1.9 THz. The BCB surrounds the quantum cascade laser ridge and is planarized to fit precisely its height. The patch antenna arrays emit a linearly(More)
We present first results on a newly built broadband emission spectrometer for the laboratory making use of a double sideband (DSB) heterodyne receiver. The new spectrometer is perfectly suited for high-resolution emission spectroscopy of molecules of astrophysical importance. The current SIS receiver operates at RF frequencies between 270 and 390 GHz,(More)
We have fabricated large, coarsely ruled, echelle patterns on silicon wafers by using photolithography and chemical-etching techniques. The grating patterns consist of 142-microm-wide, V-shaped grooves with an opening angle of 70.6 degrees, blazed at 54.7 degrees. We present a detailed description of our grating-fabrication techniques and the results of(More)
Context. The [C ii] 158 μm fine structure line is one of the dominant cooling lines in the interstellar medium (ISM) and is an important tracer of star formation. Recent velocity-resolved studies with Herschel/HIFI and SOFIA/GREAT showed that the [C ii] line can constrain the properties of the ISM phases in star-forming regions. The [C ii] line as a tracer(More)