U. Thomas Meier

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We report the identification and molecular characterization of a novel nucleolar protein of rat liver. As shown by coimmunoprecipitation this protein is associated with a previously identified nucleolar protein, Nopp140, in an apparently stoichiometric complex and has therefore been termed NAP57 (Nopp140-associated protein of 57 kD). Immunofluorescence and(More)
Mammalian H/ACA RNPs are essential for ribosome biogenesis, premessenger RNA splicing, and telomere maintenance. These RNPs consist of four core proteins and one RNA, but it is not known how they assemble. By interrogating the site of H/ACA RNA transcription, we dissected their biogenesis in single cells and delineated the role of the non-core protein NAF1(More)
The subcellular location of several nonribosomal nucleolar proteins was examined at various stages of mitosis in synchronized mammalian cell lines including HeLa, 3T3, COS-7 and HIV-1 Rev-expressing CMT3 cells. Nucleolar proteins B23, fibrillarin, nucleolin and p52 as well as U3 snoRNA were located partially in the peripheral regions of chromosomes from(More)
Mammalian H/ACA small nucleolar RNAs and telomerase RNA share common sequence and secondary structure motifs that form ribonucleoprotein particles (RNPs) with the same four core proteins, NAP57 (also dyskerin or in yeast Cbf5p), GAR1, NHP2, and NOP10. The assembly and molecular interactions of the components of H/ACA RNPs are unknown. Using in vitro(More)
Rat Nopp140, a nonribosomal protein of the nucleolus and coiled bodies, was characterized as one of the most highly phosphorylated proteins in the cell. Based on its subcellular location, its nuclear localization signal binding capacity, and its shuttling between the nucleolus and the cytoplasm, Nopp140 was proposed to function as a chaperone in ribosome(More)
Casein kinase 2 (CK2) is a multifunctional second messenger-independent protein serine/threonine kinase that phosphorylates many different proteins. To understand the function and regulation of this enzyme, biochemical methods were used to search for CK2-interacting proteins. Using immobilized glutathione S-transferase fusion proteins of CK2, the nucleolar(More)
Cajal bodies (CBs) are subnuclear domains implicated in small nuclear ribonucleoprotein (snRNP) biogenesis. In most cell types, CBs coincide with nuclear gems, which contain the survival of motor neurons (SMN) complex, an essential snRNP assembly factor. Here, we analyze the exchange kinetics of multiple components of CBs and gems in living cells using(More)
The isomerization of up to 100 uridines to pseudouridines (Psis) in eukaryotic rRNA is guided by a similar number of box H/ACA small nucleolar RNAs (snoRNAs), each forming a unique small nucleolar ribonucleoprotein particle (snoRNP) with the same four core proteins, NAP57 (also known as dyskerin or Cbf5p), GAR1, NHP2, and NOP10. Additionally, the nucleolar(More)
Exogenous expression of the characteristic repeat domain of the nucleolar chaperone Nopp140 induces the formation of intranuclear structures, termed R-rings. Here, the R-rings are identified as extensive stacks of membrane cisternae in the otherwise membrane-free nucleus. They consist of bona fide endoplasmic reticulum (ER) containing integral membrane(More)