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This presentation will review briefly the current practice and state of the art in functional electrical stimulation (FES) as applied to stroke, head injured or brain tumour operated patients. A similar application is used in paretic patients following trauma or other aetiology. Over 20 years experience in the application of FES, as practised in Ljubljana,(More)
Nine neurologically intact subjects were studied to demonstrate the feasibility of stimulating the muscles of expiration during, and in synchrony with, naturally occurring breathing. A breath-by-breath analysis showed that both tidal volume and the frequency of respiration could be increased during periods of electrical stimulation. A single subject with(More)
Bending moments acting on the LIMA-LTO femoral stem were calculated using a 3D mathematical model of the hip in the one-legged stance based on muscle anatomical data. The effects of 1 cm medialization and lateralization of the hip joint rotation centre (RC) on the bending moments were determined for different body weights. It was found that the bending(More)
The required abductor force (Freq) and the available abductor force (Fav) are calculated for different positions of the hip rotation center (RC) and different greater trochanter (GT) shifts in the frontal plane of the body in the one-legged stance. It is biomechanically favorable that Fav exceeds Freq and that the magnitude of the resultant hip joint force(More)
An implantable peroneal stimulator has been developed to improve the rehabilitation of the drop foot patients who cannot use or refuse the use of conventionally applied peroneal braces. The small size promotes convenient attachment on the stimulation site after a minor surgical intervention. During the past two years twenty implants have been applied. The(More)
The purpose of this study was to assess the effects of applying transcutaneous electrical stimulation to paralyzed abdominal muscles during pulmonary function testing (PFT) of individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI). Ten male subjects with anatomical level of SCI between C5-T7 were studied. Subjects performed PFTs with and without electrical stimulation(More)
Functional electrical stimulation (FES) of abdominal muscles as a method of enhancing ventilation was explored in six neurologically intact subjects and five subjects with spinal cord injury (SCI) who had levels of injury between C4 and C7. Pulmonary ventilation was augmented in both groups predominantly due to an increase in tidal volume. The average(More)
Functional movements can be restored after stroke by portable neuroelectric stimulator controlled by the patient. This field of activity is called functional electrical stimulation (FES). A common example of FES is electric stimulation of the peroneal to prevent dropfoot. A more sophisticated multichannel enables stimulation of more than one paralyzed(More)