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Nitric oxide synthase (NOS) activity has been detected previously in the mammalian cochlea at a light microscopic level. Here we present results of electron microscopic analysis for post-embedding immunoreactivity of neural-type NOS I in the cochlea of the guinea pig. Strong enzyme immunoreactivity was identified in the cytoplasm of inner and outer hair(More)
Hearing impairment caused by ototoxic insults, such as noise or gentamicin is a worldwide health problem. As the molecular circuitries involved are not yet resolved, current otoprotective therapies are rather empirical than rational. Here, immunohistochemistry and western blotting showed that the cytoprotective protein survivin is expressed in the human and(More)
Guanylyl cyclases (GC) catalyze the formation of the intracellular signal molecule cyclic GMP from GTP. For some years it has been known that the heme-containing soluble guanylyl cyclase (sGC) is stimulated by NO and NO-containing compounds. The sGC enzyme consists of two subunits (alpha(1) and beta(1)). In the present study, the alpha(1) and(More)
Gentamicin treatment induces hair cell death or survival in the inner ear. Besides the well-known toxic effects, the phosphatidylinositol-3 kinase/Akt (PI3K/Akt) pathway was found to be involved in cell protection. After gentamicin application, the spatiotemporal expression patterns of Akt and its activated form (p-Akt) were determined in male guinea pigs.(More)
Calcium ions were precipitated with potassium antimonate after injection of the inorganic calcium channel blocker MnCl2 or the inorganic potassium channel blockers BaCl2 or CsCl into the perilymph of the scala vestibuli of the guinea pig. The spatial distribution of the formed histochemical reaction products within the organ of Corti was studied by(More)
Nitric oxide synthase III (NOS III) was identified in the guinea pig cochlea on an ultrastructural level using a post-embedding immunolabeling procedure. Ultrathin sections of London Resin (LR) White-embedded specimens were incubated with various concentrations of a commercially available antibody to NOS III and the immunoreactivity visualized by a(More)
Synaptophysin has been localized previously in the mammalian cochlea at the light-microscopic level and in few reports by electron microscopy using either a preincubation procedure or the avidin-biotin reaction. Here we present results of the electron-microscopic analysis for postembedding immunoreactivity of synaptophysin in the cochlea of the guinea pig(More)
Differences between inner and outer hair cells in the cellular content of precipitable calcium were detected using a potassium pyroantimonate precipitation method and the electron spectroscopic imaging (ESI-) technique. The cytoplasm of the inner hair cells was scattered with a high number of calcium precipitates in all analysed animals, but only a few(More)
Five guinea pigs were exposed to an interrupted 90 dB SPL pure tone of 3.2 kHz for a total application time of 5 min. Following sound application all animals were decapitated and the cochleae were removed. After that, calcium-binding sites were located by the potassium pyroantimonate precipitation method. Another three animals served as control animals and(More)
Potassium antimonate was used to precipitate calcium in the cochlea of the guinea-pig. The distribution of the calcium antimonate precipitates was analysed by electron microscopy. The precipitate density was determined in different cell types in the organ of Corti by counting the number of calcium binding sites in a 10-micron 2 area. The size of the(More)