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The effectiveness of caffeine citrate in preventing idiopathic apnea in premature infants was evaluated. Thirty-seven preterm infants born before the 32nd week of gestation were studied. After an intravenous loading dose of 10 mg/kg of caffeine citrate, two different oral maintenance regimens were followed: 5 mg/kg in Group I and 2.5 mg/kg in Group II. A(More)
The pharmacokinetic profile of caffeine was studied in 15 premature infants. Five infants received a single intravenous dose of 10 mg/kg of caffeine citrate 100% at birth and on the 15th day of life. Ten neonates were studied during daily therapy with caffeine for prophylaxis of idiopathic apnea. The time course of plasma and urinary concentrations of(More)
The serum concentration of phenobarbital used as an anticonvulsant was monitored in 30 preterm babies. The therapeutic serum concentration was achieved with a loading dose of 20 mg/kg i.v., 10 min after administration. Thirty-six hours after loading, it was possible to maintain therapeutic serum levels with a daily intramuscular dose of 5 mg/kg, avoiding(More)
In a randomized prospective study, we investigated the effect of antenatal phenobarbital on neonatal intraventricular hemorrhage in 39 women destined to deliver babies of less than 32 weeks of gestation. The treatment group received an intravenous loading dose of 700 mg of phenobarbital, followed by a daily maintenance dose until delivery. The newborns were(More)
The placental transfer of phenobarbital was investigated in 35 mother-infant pairs at birth. The drug was administered prenatally to the mothers for maternal epilepsy (group 1, n = 5), gestational hypertension and preeclampsia (group 2, n = 20) and prophylaxis of intraventricular hemorrhage in premature deliveries (group 3, n = 10). The phenobarbital levels(More)
The authors studied the effects of different kinds of phototherapy in 186 newborns with a gestational age less than 33 weeks and weighing less than 2500 g. A control group of 60 infants was compared with a group of 31 infants submitted to photoprophylaxis, a group of 54 infants treated with day light, and a group of 41 infants treated with day light +(More)
The Authors report a case of two pre-term monocorial twins affected by HSV-1 infection (Herpes Simplex Virus type 1), with generalized sepsis and involvement of the central nervous system (CNS), born by mother with primary infection who presented a typical vesicular eruption a week before delivery. As the HSV-1 was a disseminated type and the CNS was(More)
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