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Using a realistic, 3-shell head model including the scalp (S), skull (S) and brain (B) with conductivity ratios of 1:1/80:1, respectively, the electrical activity in the human brain recorded by conventional electroencephalography was approximated by 1 or 2 equivalent current dipoles. The dipole locations and vector moments were estimated by minimizing the(More)
A phantom consisting of a human skull fixed in a cylinder containing water was used to study the occurrence of artifacts and their influence on image quality in CT of the posterior fossa. Only minor differences in interpetrous bone artifact and in deviation in CT numbers in other parts of the posterior fossa were found between eight tested scanner models.(More)
A phantom was constructed with the intention of simulating the clinical situation at examination of the spine. Artifacts from bony vertebral structures were analyzed and the uniformity in a body-shaped object was studied. Tests were carried out on eight CT scanners. A considerable variation in uniformity was found between the tested scanner models. The CT(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate the therapeutic efficiency and adverse effects of stereotactic proton beam treatment of cerebral arteriovenous malformations (AVM). MATERIAL AND METHODS Twenty-six patients treated in Uppsala during 1991-97 were included (men = 14, women = 12; mean age = 39, range = 23-64). The nidus volumes ranged from 0.3 to 102 ml (mean = 24,(More)
An animal model has been developed in the Rhesus monkey for noninvasive monitoring of CSF transport of drugs by external detectors i.e. positron emission tomography. The model compromises the cannulation of the subarachnoid space (with a spinal needle), and has been used without any damage to the monkey. With the method it was shown that injection rate had(More)
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