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Proprioception of the knee was measured in 19 healthy individuals to evaluate whether there were any differences between extension and flexion movements from two different starting positions. The threshold before detecting a passive movement, visual estimation on a protractor of a passive change in position (30 degrees angular change) and active(More)
The purpose of this study was to find out whether fatiguing calf-muscle exercise affects postural sway during standing. Thirteen healthy subjects with a mean age of 25 years participated. Body sway in one leg stance was measured on a force plate before and after fatiguing exercises of the calf muscles of the subject's right leg. Repeated measurements for up(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the work load in neck and upper limbs of dentists. METHODS Twelve right-handed female dentists (six with and six without a history of definite neck/shoulder disorders, pair-wise matched for age) were studied when performing authentic dental work. Electromyography (EMG) was used to quantify the muscular load of the shoulders bilaterally(More)
Stabilometry is a technique designed to register postural equilibrium control. This investigation used a computerized strain gauge force plate to measure sway movements in the frontal plane with the patient standing on one leg. Fifty-five young healthy individuals were studied as a reference group and to determine the reproducibility of the method. The(More)
Proprioception of the knee was measured in 20 patients with reconstructed anterior cruciate ligaments and in 19 age-matched controls. The mean time from surgery was 2 years. Three tests of proprioception were used: (a) threshold to detection of passive motion from 20 and 40 degrees toward flexion and extension, (b) active reproduction of a 30 degrees(More)
Isometric training of the abdominal muscles is often recommended in programs of primary or secondary prevention for low-back pain. In this study 20 male workers with 2-18 years' history (average 5 1/2 years) of low-back pain without sciatica went through intense isometric abdominal muscle training for 5 weeks. Before and after training the subjects had(More)
EMG was recorded with surface electrodes from the trapezius and deltoid muscles during a static endurance test at approximately 20% of maximal voluntary contraction. Objective parameters for localized muscular fatigue were derived from the time course of the root mean square (RMS) and mean power frequency (MPF) of the EMG recordings. Isotonic regression is(More)
A defect in proprioception has been found in selected patient groups that have an anterior cruciate ligament deficient knee at different times after the original injury. The time of development and the extent of such defects were studied longitudinally on 16 consecutive patients. During the first year after a primary knee injury, which included a complete(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the reliability of repeated measurements and a possible learning or tiring process in single-limb stabilometry and one-leg hop test. An additional purpose was to study the correlation between different stabilometric variables. Seventy-five healthy subjects were examined twice with a median interval of 7 d, and(More)
The present investigation examined passive torque and electromyographic response in human skeletal muscle during passive static stretch within 60 s after maximal repetitive eccentric and concentric contractions. Passive torque (Nm) offered by the hamstring muscle group was measured during passive knee extension in a modified dynamometer in 10 subjects. The(More)