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We have cloned human cDNA encoding double-stranded RNA adenosine deaminase (DRADA). DRADA is a ubiquitous nuclear enzyme that converts multiple adenosines to inosines in double-helical RNA substrates without apparent sequence specificity. The A --> I conversion activity of the protein encoded by the cloned cDNA was confirmed by recombinant expression in(More)
Using the polymerase chain reaction on human embryonic cDNAs, we isolated a cDNA encoding a novel 504 amino acid protein, termed fibroblast growth factor receptor (FGFR)-5, which is highly homologous to known FGFRs. The NH(2)-terminal portion of FGFR5 contains a putative secretory signal sequence, three typical immunoglobulin-like domains, six cysteines,(More)
The double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) adenosine deaminase (DRADA) deaminates adenosine residues to inosines and creates I-U mismatched base pairs in dsRNAs. Its involvement in RNA editing of glutamate-gated ion channel gene transcripts in mammalian brains has been proposed as one of the biological functions for this recently identified cellular enzyme. We(More)
Double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) unwinding/modifying activity, which is present in a wide range of eukaryotic cells, has been previously shown to convert up to 50% of adenosine residues to inosines within intermolecular dsRNA. In the present study, we report that this activity also modifies, though slightly less efficiently, intramolecular double-stranded(More)
The human TCF12 gene, mapping to 15q21, encodes the helix-loop-helix transcription factor 4 (HTF4). A detailed analysis of this genomic region established the organization of the TCF12 gene. The gene includes 21 exons and is significantly larger than an average human gene. Preceding the second exon, two alternative acceptor sites for mRNA splicing yield two(More)
Double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) adenosine deaminase, or DRADA, is a cellular enzyme that modifies adenosine residues to inosines in dsRNA by hydrolytic deamination, replacing A-U with mismatched I-U base pairs. Since it alters the base composition in its substrate RNA, one possible role played by DRADA is to participate in RNA editing. In this article, a brief(More)
The level of c-myc expression rapidly decreases during in vitro induced differentiation of mouse F9 embryonic teratocarcinoma to endoderm cells, raising the question of whether down regulation of c-myc expression is a part of the mechanism regulating differentiation. We have investigated the effect of enforced increases or decreases in c-myc RNA expression(More)
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