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The plant-specific calcium binding protein CAS (calcium sensor) has been localized in chloroplast thylakoid membranes of vascular plants and green algae. To elucidate the function of CAS in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii, we generated and analyzed eight independent CAS knockdown C. reinhardtii lines (cas-kd). Upon transfer to high-light (HL) growth conditions,(More)
In the last few years, the need to determine peroxide-based explosives in solid samples and air samples has resulted in the development of a series of new analytical methods for triacetonetriperoxide (TATP, acetone peroxide) and hexamethylenetriperoxidediamine (HMTD). In this review, after a short introduction describing the state of the art in the field,(More)
The prediction of drug metabolism is an important task in drug development. Besides well-established in vitro and in vivo methods using biological matrices, several biomimetic models have been developed. This review summarizes three different nonenzymatic strategies, including metalloporphyrins as surrogates of the active centre of cytochrome P450, Fenton's(More)
We present a rapid and convenient method to perform and evaluate the covalent protein binding of reactive phase I metabolites. The oxidative metabolism of the drugs paracetamol, amodiaquine, and clozapine is simulated in an electrochemical (EC) flow-through cell, which is coupled online to an LC/MS system. Adduct formation of the reactive metabolites with(More)
Radioligands, which specifically bind to a receptor or enzyme (target), enable molecular imaging of the target expression by positron emission tomography (PET). One very promising PET tracer is (S)-1-(4-(2-[(18)F]-fluoroethoxy)benzyl)-5-[1-(2-methoxymethylpyrrolidinyl)sulfonyl]isatin (isatin), a caspase-3 inhibitor, which has been developed at the(More)
The combined use of elemental bioimaging and speciation analysis is presented as a novel means for the diagnosis of nephrogenic systemic fibrosis (NSF), a rare disease occurring after administration of gadolinium-based contrast agents (GBCA) for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), in skin samples of patients suffering from renal insufficiency. As the(More)
A novel method for the identification of glutathione/electrophile adducts that are inhibiting glutathione-S-transferase (GST) activity was developed and applied for the analysis of the mycotoxin patulin. The method is based on high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) coupled to a continuous-flow enzyme reactor serving as biochemical detector (BCD) in(More)
We synthesised and toxicologically characterised the arsenic metabolite thiodimethylarsinic acid (thio-DMA(V)). Successful synthesis of highly pure thio-DMA(V) was confirmed by state-of-the-art analytical techniques including (1)H-NMR, HPLC-FTMS, and HPLC-ICPMS. Toxicological characterization was carried out in comparison to arsenite and its well-known(More)
Cellular adenine and pyridine nucleotides play important roles in the cellular energy and redox state. An imbalance in the cellular levels of these tightly regulated energy related nucleotides can lead to oxidative stress and thus is discussed to contribute to neurotoxic and carcinogenic processes. Here we established a reliable ion-pair reversed phase HPLC(More)