U. K. Sarkar

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Endotoxin lipopolysaccharide (LPS) is known to cause liver injury primarily involving inflammatory cells such as Kupffer cells, but few in vitro culture models are applicable for investigation of inflammatory effects on drug metabolism. We have developed a three-dimensional human microphysiological hepatocyte-Kupffer cell coculture system and evaluated the(More)
Heterocyclic N-oxides are an interesting class of antitumor agents that selectively kill the hypoxic cells found in solid tumors. The hypoxia-selective activity of the lead compound in this class, tirapazamine, stems from its ability to undergo intracellular one-electron reduction to an oxygen-sensitive drug radical intermediate. In the presence of(More)
The antitumor agent 3-amino-1,2,4-benzotriazine 1,4-dioxide (tirapazamine, TPZ, 1) gains medicinal activity through its ability to selectively damage DNA in the hypoxic cells found inside solid tumors. This occurs via one-electron enzymatic reduction of TPZ to yield an oxygen-sensitive drug radical (2) that leads to oxidatively generated DNA damage under(More)
The toxicological structure-activity relationships are investigated using conceptual DFT based descriptors like global and local electrophilicities. In the present work the usefulness of electrophilicity in predicting toxicity of several polyaromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) is assessed. The toxicity is expressed through biological activity data (pIC50) defined(More)
Klebsiella oxytoca is an opportunistic pathogen implicated in various clinical diseases in animals and humans. Studies suggest that in humans K. oxytoca exerts its pathogenicity in part through a cytotoxin. However, cytotoxin production in animal isolates of K. oxytoca and its pathogenic properties have not been characterized. Furthermore, neither the(More)
As a continuation of our research in the quinoxaline 1,4-di-N-oxide new series of 2-arylcarbonyl-3-trifluoromethylquinoxaline, 1,4-di-N-oxide derivatives have been synthesized and evaluated in a full panel of 60 human tumor cell lines. Selective reductions were carried out on two compounds which allowed us to determine the compound structures by comparison(More)
One hundred pregnant patients, of age group 22 to 35 years, with different types of cardiac ailments (mitral stenosis, mitral regurgitation, mitral valve prolapse, aortic regurgitation, atrial septal defect, ventricular septal defect, coarctation of the aorta, Eisenmenger syndrome, hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy and operated tetralogy of fallot),(More)