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Recent theoretical advances in the field of compressive sampling-also referred to as compressed sensing (CS)-hold considerable promise for practical applications in MRI, but the fundamental condition of sparsity required in the CS framework is usually not fulfilled in MR images. However, in dynamic imaging, data sparsity can readily be introduced by(More)
This paper describes a method for 4D imaging, which is used to study respiratory organ motion, a key problem in various treatments. Whilst the commonly used imaging methods rely on simplified breathing patterns to acquire one breathing cycle, the proposed method was developed to study irregularities in organ motion during free breathing over tens of(More)
BACKGROUND The influences of exercising on cytokine response, fatigue and cardiorespiratory values are important aspects of rehabilitation in persons with multiple sclerosis (PwMS). Exercise performed within these programs is often practised in water but the effects of immersion on PwMS have not been systematically investigated. OBJECTIVE The objective of(More)
In spite of their diagnostic potential, the poor quality of available diffusion-weighted spinal cord images often restricts clinical application to cervical regions, and improved spatial resolution is highly desirable. To address these needs, a novel technique based on the combination of two recently presented reduced field-of-view approaches is proposed,(More)
Cardiac diffusion MRI based on stimulated-echo acquisition mode (STEAM) techniques is hampered by its inherent low signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) efficiency. Diffusion imaging using standard spin-echo (SE) techniques, on the other hand, offers higher SNRs but has been considered impractical for the beating heart due to excessive signal attenuation from cardiac(More)
OBJECTIVE To test a study design and explore the feasibility and potential effects of conventional neurological therapy, constraint induced therapy and therapeutic climbing to improve minimal to moderate arm and hand function in patients after a stroke. METHOD A pilot study with six-month follow-up in patients after stroke with minimal to moderate arm and(More)
The influences of exercise on cytokine response, health-related quality of life (HR-QoL), and fatigue are important aspects of MS rehabilitation. Physical exercises performed within these programs are often practiced in water, but the effects of immersion have not been investigated. To investigate the influences of short-term immune responses and(More)
Respiratory organ motion is a key problem in proton therapy and in many other treatments. This paper presents a novel retrospective gating method for 4D (dynamic 3D) MR imaging during free breathing to capture the full variability of respiratory organ deformation. In contrast to other imaging methods, a constant breathing depth or even strict periodicity(More)
Functional recovery was assessed in 312 patients with hemiplegia (153 right, 159 left) due to stroke (210 men, 102 women), who were treated at the Rehabilitation Centre, Valens, Switzerland. A scoring system was developed using a number of items in hierarchic order for gross function (13 items), leg and trunk (10 items) and arm (15 items). The test was(More)
Physical therapy by movements is of importance in several medical fields, in particular in rehabilitation. A great variety of possibilities for treatment by exercises and manual therapy exists. In a first part we outline a useful and problem-oriented nomenclature derived from actual applications of physical therapy by movements based on various concepts.(More)
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