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When three-dimensional (3-D) human or animal movement is recorded using a photogrammetric system, bone-embedded frame positions and orientations are estimated from reconstructed surface marker trajectories using either nonoptimal or optimal algorithms. The effectiveness of these mathematical procedures in accommodating for both photogrammetric errors and(More)
We evaluated the effect of reducing the vertical displacement of the centre of mass (COM) on the six determinants of gait proposed by Saunders, Inman and Eberhart in 30 healthy adults. We compared the estimated reduction in COM vertical displacement due to the determinants in their compass model with the actual reduction of vertical displacement. The(More)
Human movement analysis using stereophotogrammetry is based on the reconstruction of the instantaneous laboratory position of selected bony anatomical landmarks (AL). For this purpose, knowledge of an AL's position in relevant bone-embedded frames is required. Because ALs are not points but relatively large and curved areas, their identification by(More)
In three dimensional (3-D) human movement analysis using close-range photogrammetry, surface marker clusters deform and rigidly move relative to the underlying bone. This introduces an important artefact (skin movement artefact) which propagates to bone position and orientation and joint kinematics estimates. This occurs to the extent that those joint(More)
An improved characterization of the dynamics of postural sway can provide a better understanding about the functional organization of the postural control system as well as a more robust tool for postural pattern recognition. To this aim, a novel parameterization was applied to the stabilogram diffusion analysis formerly proposed by Collins and De Luca(More)
The reliability of the estimate of joint kinematic variables and the relevant functional interpretation are affected by the uncertainty with which bony anatomical landmarks and underlying bony segment anatomical frames are determined. When a stereo-photogrammetric system is used for in vivo studies, minimising and compensating for this uncertainty is(More)
Good practice rules in the management of a movement analysis laboratory recommend that photogrammetric measurement errors are assessed, prior to every experimental session, using an ad hoc experiment referred to as a spot check. The paper proposes an inexpensive and easy to make spot check. The test uses a rigid rod carrying two markers and a target point(More)
The effect of gender on specific joint biomechanics during gait has been largely unexplored. Given the perceived, subjective, and temporal differences in walking between genders, we hypothesized that quantitative analysis would reveal specific gender differences in joint biomechanics as well. Sagittal kinematic (joint motion) and kinetic (joint torque and(More)
OBJECTIVES Cadaveric models of the shoulder evaluate discrete motion segments using the glenohumeral joint in isolation over a defined trajectory. The aim of this study was to design, manufacture and validate a robotic system to accurately create three-dimensional movement of the upper body and capture it using high-speed motion cameras. METHODS In(More)
Hip flexion contractures are a common complication in disabled patients. However, no previous study has examined reduced hip motion during gait. This retrospective analysis evaluates the relationship between the degree of hip flexion contracture found on static testing and the degree found during gait and also assesses the strength of the association(More)