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OBJECTIVE To evaluate prevalence, sociodemographic characteristics, and risk factors of restless legs syndrome (RLS) in a population-based survey of the elderly, using standard diagnostic criteria. BACKGROUND Population-based studies of RLS are rare and have not yet used standard definition criteria. METHODS The Memory and Morbidity in Augsburg Elderly(More)
BACKGROUND The revolution in coronary care in the mid-1980s to mid-1990s corresponded with monitoring of coronary heart disease (CHD) in 31 populations of the WHO MONICA Project. We studied the impact of this revolution on coronary endpoints. METHODS Case fatality, coronary-event rates, and CHD mortality were monitored in men and women aged 35-64 years in(More)
BACKGROUND The first and second EUROASPIRE surveys showed high rates of modifiable cardiovascular risk factors in patients with coronary heart disease. The third EUROASPIRE survey was done in 2006-07 in 22 countries to see whether preventive cardiology had improved and if the Joint European Societies' recommendations on cardiovascular disease prevention are(More)
BACKGROUND Several surveys in children and adults have shown significantly lower prevalences of asthma and allergic diseases in eastern Europe than in western countries. In the former East Germany tremendous changes towards western lifestyle have occurred since unification. The aim of this survey was to investigate time trends in the prevalence of asthma(More)
BACKGROUND The prediction of the absolute risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) is commonly based on risk prediction equations that originate from the Framingham Heart Study. However, differences in population risk levels compromise the external validity of these risk functions. SETTING AND STUDY POPULATION Participants aged 35-64 years from the MONICA(More)
BACKGROUND False-positive and false-negative answers to screening questions influence prevalence and incidence estimations for stroke in population studies. Despite frequent use in screening, only a few studies have examined causes and influence of incorrect self-reports. We compared the rates of false-positive and false-negative answers to a single(More)
Plasma viscosity is reported to be predictive of coronary heart disease (CHD) and stroke. To find out whether regional differences in CHD event rates correlate with differences in plasma viscosity, we compared plasma viscosity in a high-risk area for CHD (Glasgow Multinational Monitoring of Trends and Determinants in Cardiovascular Disease [MONICA] and(More)
Seven-day food records of the MONICA project Augsburg dietary survey, which were collected in 1984/85 from 899 men aged 45-64 years (random sample), were used to analyse meal patterns. The combination of the three traditional meals (breakfast, lunch, dinner) with one eating event between was most frequent, followed by two meals with two eating events(More)
(EEB) or the EC Joint Research Centre (JRC) as well as international organizations like WHO or Health Effects Institute (HEI) provide extensive pooled information on air pollution-related health effects, partially looking at certain air pollutants or specific situations and their impact. Nevertheless, speakers at the current HEI′s Annual meeting in San(More)