U. Burkhardt

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BACKGROUND The aim of this study was an improvement in patient comfort, reduction of anaesthesia costs and room contamination by the use of propofol for adenoidectomy. METHODS A total of 103 infants (aged 1-5 years) undergoing elective adenoidectomy were randomized for anaesthesia with sevoflurane-nitrous oxide/oxygen (group 1), sevoflurane-air/alfentanil(More)
Sowohl Anxiolyse mit Medikamenten als auch psychische Führung sind anerkannte Methoden der präoperativen Vorbereitung. Ein Vorteil von Anxiolytika ist aber für Kinder schwer zu beweisen. Material und Methoden. In dieser Untersuchung wurden Herzfrequenz, Blutdruck, Noradrenalin, Adrenalin und Kortisol als Streßindikatoren zum Vergleich gewählt. Wir(More)
Unerwünschte Nebenwirkungen der Muskelrelaxanzien im Neugeborenen- und Säuglingsalter veranlassen weiterhin zur Suche nach Alternativen einer atraumatischen Intubation (IN). Ziel der vorliegenden Studie war es, die Intubationsbedingungen (IB) und -zeiten (IZ) sowie die Veränderungen von systolischem, mittlerem und diastolischem Blutdruck (RRs/RRm/RRd) und(More)
Serum cytokine levels were measured in 275 healthy children of different ages (3 to 17 years). Interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1RA), soluble IL-2R (sIL-2R) (sCD25), IL-6, IL-8, tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha), soluble TNF receptor type II (sTNF-RII) (sCD120b), gamma interferon (IFN-gamma), soluble intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (sICAM-1)(More)
Injection-induced pain during induction of anaesthesia can result in patient's discomfort. This can prevent the use of propofol-anaesthesia in paediatric patients. Because of the high incidence of pain on injection with propofol numerous interventions have been tested to prevent this pain including the use of different drugs and physical measures as well as(More)
UNLABELLED The unwanted side effects of muscle relaxants used for anaesthesia in the newborn and infants resulted in a search for alternatives to atraumatic intubation (IN). The study was aimed to investigate conditions of intubation, time of intubation as well as changes in systolic, mean and diastolic blood pressure (RRs/RRm/RRd) and heart rate (HR) under(More)
Ziele der Studie waren die Verbesserung des Patientenkomforts sowie die Reduktion von Anästhesiekosten und Raumluftbelastung durch den Einsatz von Propofol zur Adenotomie. Zur elektiven Adenotomie erhielten 103 Kinder (1–5 Jahre alt) randomisiert entweder Sevofluran-Lachgas-Sauerstoff (Gruppe 1), Sevofluran-Luft/Alfentanil (Gruppe 2), Alfentanil-Propofol(More)
A high incidence of pathological EEG changes were registered following the treatment of arrhythmias using intravenous bolus injections of lidocaine during heart surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass. Lidocaine plasma concentrations were analysed by gas chromatography in order to detect reasons for this phenomenon. No dangerously high plasma levels of(More)
Anxiolysis with drugs and psychoprophylaxis are both recognised methods of preoperative preparation. The beneficial effects of anxiolytics, however, appear to be difficult to prove. In this study a comparison was made of heart rate (HR), blood pressure (BP), and norepinephrine, epinephrine, and cortisol levels. In group I 19 children received only(More)
Immune dysfunction or immune defect syndrome can result postoperatively. It is not yet clear what part is played by the operative trauma itself or by narcotics. To answer this question, 54 patients (ASA 1) aged between 4 and 16 were examined. In group I there were 28 patients with minor operations and in group II 26 patients with moderate ones. We chose(More)