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The new antiarrhythmic drug flecainide (2,5-bis-(2,2,2-trifluoroethoxy)-N-(2-piperidylmethyl) benzamide acetate) increases action potential duration at 30 and 90% repolarization, and functional refractory period in guinea pig papillary muscle up to 10 mumol/L, but shortens the action potential and decreases its amplitude at 30 mumol/L, without significant(More)
The potency of neuropeptide Y (NPY) to cause negative and positive contractile responses in rat ventricular cardiomyocytes was investigated. In these cells, NPY was found to activate the transient outward K+ current (Ito) and the slow inward Ca2+ current (Isi). As reported before (H. M. Piper, B. C. Millar, and J. R. McDermott, Naunyn Schmiedeberg's Arch.(More)
This study describes electrophysiological effects of estrogens in isolated male rat ventricular myocytes. According to the literature these cells do not express the nuclear estrogen receptor. Action potentials or membrane currents were recorded in the whole-cell configuration with standard techniques. Action potential durations (APD) measured at a level of(More)
Tedisamil has been described as a selective inhibitor of a fast inactivating transient outward current (i(to,f)) in rat ventricular myocytes. Because recent reports demonstrated the existence of a second slowly inactivating transient component (i(to,s)) we investigated i(to,s) and differentiated the effects of tedisamil on both transient outward current(More)
In the present study the effects of pindolol [non-selective beta-adrenoceptor antagonist with strong partial agonistic activity (PAA)] on beta 2-adrenoceptor density in lymphocytes (assessed by (-)-[125I]iodocyanopindolol (ICYP) binding) were compared with those of the beta 1-selective antagonists celiprolol (with PAA) and bisoprolol (no PAA) in(More)
  • U Borchard
  • 1990
A great number of beta-adrenoceptor blocking drugs are now available for clinical use which show great differences with respect to their pharmacokinetic properties. Bioavailability might be low because of a low absorption rate after oral application in the case of hydrophilic drugs like atenolol or might be low because of a high first-pass effect in the(More)
Abrupt withdrawal of beta-adrenoceptor antagonists may lead to "rebound-effects". To study the mechanism underlying this phenomenon, the effects of the nonselective beta-adrenoceptor antagonists propranolol [no intrinsic sympathomimetic activity (ISA)], alprenolol (weak ISA) and mepindolol (strong ISA) on lymphocyte beta 2-adrenoceptor density--assessed by(More)
To study the role of intrinsic sympathomimetic activity (ISA) in beta-blocker-induced changes of beta-adrenoceptors, the effects of administration of several beta-blockers for 9 days on lymphocyte beta 2-adrenoceptor density--assessed by 125iodocyanopindolol binding--were investigated in 47 normotensive volunteers. Propranolol (unselective; no ISA; 4 X 40(More)
1. Sotalol (Sotalex) and both its optical isomers were studied in electrophysiological experiments with respect to their class III activity of antiarrhythmic drugs. The three substances prolonged action potentials (AP) of guinea-pig papillary muscle and left atrium in concentrations greater than or equal to 3 mumol/l, whereas other AP parameters (resting(More)