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Aortic smooth muscle cells from spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) exhibit inappropriate proliferation characteristics in culture that suggest a modified response to serum mitogens or growth factors. The present study compares vascular smooth muscle cells from SHR and normotensive Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats with respect to their proliferative and functional(More)
We cultured smooth muscle cells from matched sections of thoracic aortas of 20-week-old, male, spontaneously hypertensive (SHR) and Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats and compared their rates of proliferation and phosphoinositide metabolism. After seeding at initially identical densities, smooth muscle cells from SHR grow at significantly faster (P less than 0.001)(More)
Human vascular smooth muscle cells (hVSMC) rendered quiescent by maintenance under serum-free culture conditions for 48 h exhibited several metabolic responses, normally associated with proliferation, following exposure to low density lipoprotein (LDL). LDL induced a time- and dose- (half-maximally effective concentration, ED50 25.0 +/- 8 nM) dependent(More)
Discrepancies exist between extent of guanylate cyclase activation by atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) in cell-free systems and ANP-stimulated levels of cyclic GMP in whole cells, and also between receptor affinity and dose effectiveness of ANP. Therefore, we have investigated whether, in addition to receptor-coupled guanylate cyclase activation, other(More)
Atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) is vasodilatory and natriuretic, but whereas increased plasma ANP levels occur in spontaneously hypertensive rats, their elevated vascular resistance suggests inappropriate target tissue responsiveness to ANP. This study examines ANP-receptor binding properties (at 25 degrees C and 4 degrees C) in cultured vascular aortic(More)
Angiotensin II was shown to activate S6-kinase in cultured vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC) in a dose- (10(-9)-10(-6) M) and time-dependent manner. Pretreatment of quiescent cells with 12-O-Tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate had no effect on the activation levels of the kinase at the hormone levels used. However, stimulation of S6-kinase activity by(More)
Smooth muscle cell proliferation is regulated through the coordinated action of growth inhibitors and growth factors/mitogens; a specific heparin-epidermal growth factor (EGF) complementation has been proposed (Reilly et al., 1987, J. Cell. Physiol., 131:149-157). In culture, vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC) from spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR)(More)
A comparison of salivary flow rates was made between three groups of female individuals according to their menopausal status. The three groups consisted of healthy, dentate, nonmedicated women (with the exception of the use of estrogen) from the Baltimore Longitudinal Study of Aging. One group consisted of premenopausal women (n = 51), their mean age was 39(More)
Purified human platelet thrombospondin was shown to activate S6 kinase in cultured vascular smooth muscle cells in a dose- (1-9 micrograms/ml) and time-dependent manner. Down regulation of epidermal growth factor and somatomedin C receptors by prior treatment of cells with their respective growth factors did not reduce this effect. Kinase activation by(More)