Tzu Yu Lin

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The purpose of this study was to examine the effect and mechanism of astaxanthin, a natural carotenoid, on endogenous glutamate release in nerve terminals of rat cerebral cortex (synaptosomes). Results showed that astaxanthin exhibited a dose-dependent inhibition of 4-aminopyridine (4-AP)-evoked release of glutamate. The effect of astaxanthin on the evoked(More)
The glutamatergic system may be involved in the effects of neuroprotectant therapies. Echinacoside, a phenylethanoid glycoside extracted from the medicinal Chinese herb Herba Cistanche, has neuroprotective effects. This study investigated the effects of echinacoside on 4-aminopyridine-evoked glutamate release in rat cerebrocortical nerve terminals(More)
Central glutamate neurotransmission has been postulated to play a role in pathophysiology of depression and in the mechanism of antidepressants. The present study was undertaken to elucidate the effect and the possible mechanism of bupropion, an atypical antidepressant, on endogenous glutamate release in nerve terminals of rat cerebral cortex(More)
Mechanisms underlying the short-term effects of amphetamine (AMPH) were examined by monitoring the expression of metabotropic glutamate receptor 5 (mGluR5) in cultured rat neurons. The cortical and hippocampal neurons were incubated with 0.1-100 microM of AMPH for 1 h or 1 microM of AMPH for 10 min to 3 h. Immunocytochemical and in situ hybridization (ISH)(More)
Curcumin, one of the major constituents of Curcuma longa, has been shown to inhibit depolarization-evoked glutamate release from rat prefrontocortical nerve terminals by reducing voltage-dependent Ca(2+) entry. This study showed that curcumin inhibited ionomycin-induced glutamate release and KCl-evoked FM1-43 release, suggesting that some steps after Ca(2+)(More)
There is abundant evidence suggesting the relevance of glutamate to depression and antidepressant mechanisms. Curcumin, a major active compound of Curcuma longa, has been reported to have the biological function of antidepressant. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of curcumin on endogenous glutamate release in nerve terminals of rat(More)
Our previous study has shown that tunicamycin irreversibly downregulates the expression of GABA(A)R and causes cell death in cultured brain neurons by biochemical and light microscopic methods. In this study, we examined mechanisms underlying the degeneration of the neurons mainly employing electron microscopic analysis. Cultured neurons derived from(More)
This study investigated the effects and possible mechanism of ferulic acid, a naturally occurring phenolic compound, on endogenous glutamate release in the nerve terminals of the cerebral cortex in rats. Results show that ferulic acid inhibited the release of glutamate evoked by the K⁺ channel blocker 4-aminopyridine (4-AP). The effect of ferulic acid on(More)
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE Danshen is a commonly used traditional Chinese medicine and has received considerable attention due to their beneficial effects on the health, including prevention of cardiovascular disease, and cancer. Tanshinone IIA, a major active constituent of Danshen, has been reported to have a neuroprotective profile. AIM OF THE(More)
The citrus flavonoid hesperidin exerts neuroprotective effects and could cross the blood-brain barrier. Given the involvement of glutamate neurotoxicity in the pathogenesis of neurodegenerative disorders, this study was conducted to evaluate the potential role of hesperidin in glutamate release and glutamate neurotoxicity in the hippocampus of rats. In rat(More)