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Histone hypoacetylation occurs in many cancers and inhibition of histone deacetylation is a promising approach to modulate these epigenetic changes. Our laboratory previously demonstrated that the histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDACis) vorinostat and AR-42 reduced the viability of a canine malignant mast cell line. The purpose of this study was to further(More)
OBJECTIVE Mutations of the receptor tyrosine kinase Kit occur in several human and canine cancers. While Kit inhibitors have activity in the clinical setting, they possess variable efficacy against particular forms of mutant Kit and drug resistance often develops over time. Inhibitors of heat shock protein 90 (HSP90), a chaperone for which Kit is a client(More)
Bacillus subtilis W-118, a strain that produces antifungal materials, excreted a chitinase when cultured in a medium containing shrimp- and crab-shell powder as the major carbon source. This chitinase, purified by sequential chromatography, had a molecular mass of 20,600 Da and a pI of 6. The optimum pH, optimum temperature, and pH stability of the(More)
Multifunctional nanoparticles with combined diagnostic and therapeutic functions show great promise towards personalized nanomedicine. However, attaining consistently high performance of these functions in vivo in one single nanoconstruct remains extremely challenging. Here we demonstrate the use of one single polymer to develop a smart 'all-in-one'(More)
Studies using the currently available malignant canine mast cell lines and bone marrow-derived cultured mast cells (BMCMCs) have provided an in-depth understanding of normal and neoplastic canine mast cell biology. However, many of the currently available malignant canine mast cell lines possess limitations, including loss of cell surface markers and(More)
We report progress on predicting tumor response to platinum-based chemotherapy with a novel mass spectrometry approach. Fourteen bladder cancer patients were administered one diagnostic microdose each of [14C]carboplatin (1% of the therapeutic dose). Carboplatin-DNA adducts were quantified by accelerator mass spectrometry in blood and tumor samples(More)
We report herein the development, functional and molecular characterization of an isogenic, paired bladder cancer cell culture model system for studying platinum drug resistance. The 5637 human bladder cancer cell line was cultured over ten months with stepwise increases in oxaliplatin concentration to generate a drug resistant 5637R sub cell line. The MTT(More)
Hierarchical structures combining micropyramids and nanowires with appropriate control of surface carrier recombination represent a class of architectures for radial p-n junction solar cells that synergizes the advantageous features including excellent broad-band, omnidirectional light-harvesting and efficient separation/collection of photoexcited carriers.(More)
Disorders of mast cells, particularly mast cell tumors (MCTs), are common in dogs. There now is evidence that many of these disorders exhibit breed predilections, suggesting an underlying heritable component. In comparison to humans and mice, little is known regarding the biology of canine mast cells. To facilitate the study of mast cell biology in other(More)
Processor fault diagnosis plays an important role in measuring the reliability of multiprocessor systems and the diagnosis of many well-known interconnection networks. The conditional diagnosability, which is more general than the classical diagnosability, is to measure the diagnosability of a multiprocessor system under the assumption that all of the(More)