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BACKGROUND/PURPOSE The early diagnosis and appropriate management of spinal tuberculosis (TB) is challenging for clinicians. This study aimed to characterize the clinical features and factors affecting treatment outcomes. METHODS A retrospective study of patients with spinal TB over a 7-year period at a medical center in southern Taiwan was conducted.(More)
Fet3p is a multicopper oxidase that contains four Cu ions: one type 1, one type 2, and a coupled binuclear type 3 site. The type 2 and type 3 centers form a trinuclear cluster that is the active site for O(2) reduction to H(2)O. When the type 1 Cu is depleted (C484S mutation), the reaction of the reduced trinuclear cluster with O(2) generates a peroxide(More)
The multicopper oxidases are a family of enzymes that couple the reduction of O(2) to H(2)O with the oxidation of a range of substrates. Saccharomyces cerevisiae Fet3p and human ceruloplasmin (hCp) are members of this family that exhibit ferroxidase activity. Their high specificity for Fe(II) has been attributed to the existence of a binding site for iron.(More)
Fet3p is a multicopper oxidase that uses four copper ions (one type 1, one type 2, and one type 3 binuclear site) to couple substrate oxidation to the reduction of O(2) to H(2)O. The type 1 Cu site shuttles electrons between the substrate and the type 2/type 3 Cu sites which form a trinuclear Cu cluster that is the active site for O(2) reduction. This study(More)
Chemical conjugations of nucleic acids with macromolecules or small molecules are common approaches to study nucleic acids in chemistry and biology and to exploit nucleic acids for medical applications. The conjugation of nucleic acids such as oligonucleotides with peptides is especially useful to circumvent cell delivery and specificity problems of(More)
Peptide-oligonucleotide conjugates (POCs) have held promise as effective therapeutic agents in treating microbial infections and human genetic diseases including cancers. In clinical applications, POCs are especially useful to circumvent cellular delivery and specificity problems of oligonucleotides. We previously reported that nucleic acid(More)
The Fet3 protein in Saccharomyces cerevisiae is a multicopper oxidase tethered to the outer surface of the yeast plasma membrane. Fet3p catalyzes the oxidation of Fe2+ to Fe3+; this ferroxidation reaction is an obligatory first step in high-affinity iron uptake through the permease Ftr1p. Here, kinetic analyses of several Fet3p mutants identify residues(More)
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE Stenotrophomonas maltophilia has been recognized as an important nosocomial pathogen, but few reports have discussed S. maltophilia infection in the community settings. This study aimed to reveal characteristics of patients with community-onset S. maltophilia bloodstream infection (SMBSI), to specify the subgroup of healthcare-associated(More)
The coupling of specific antibodies to imaging agents often improves imaging specificity. However, free amine groups designed for the coupling can cause nonspecific binding of the imaging agents. We report here development of a nanocarrier, MnMEIO-silane-NH2-mPEG nanoparticles (NPs), consisting of a manganese-doped iron oxide nanoparticle core (MnMEIO), a(More)
3α-Hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase/carbonyl reductase from Comamonas testosteroni reversibly catalyzes the oxidation of androsterone with NAD(+) to form androstanedione and NADH. Structurally the substrate-binding loop of the residues, T188-K208, is unresolved, while binding with NAD(+) causes the appearance of T188-P191 in the binary complex. This study(More)