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  • Han Xiao, Min Lu, +14 authors John Y J Shyy
  • 2013
BACKGROUND The molecular basis for the focal nature of atherosclerotic lesions is poorly understood. Here, we explored whether disturbed flow patterns activate an innate immune response to form the NLRP3 inflammasome scaffold in vascular endothelial cells via sterol regulatory element binding protein 2 (SREBP2). METHODS AND RESULTS Oscillatory flow(More)
There is a growing appreciation of the profound effects that passive mechanical properties, especially the stiffness of the local environment, can have on cellular functions. Many experiments are conducted in a 2D geometry (i.e., cells grown on top of substrates of varying stiffness), which is a simplification of the 3D environment often experienced by(More)
Numerous studies have demonstrated that cholesterol-rich membrane rafts play critical roles in multiple cellular functions. However, the impact of the lipoproteins on the structure, integrity and cholesterol composition of these domains is not well understood. This paper focuses on oxidized low-density lipoproteins (oxLDLs) that are strongly implicated in(More)
SIGNIFICANCE Oxidative stress is a common denominator of various risk factors contributing to endothelial dysfunction and vascular diseases. Accumulated evidence suggests that sirtuin 1 (SIRT1) expression and/or activity is impaired by supraphysiological levels of oxidative stress, which in turn disrupts endothelial homeostasis. RECENT ADVANCES Several(More)
Cholesterol is a major regulator of a variety of ion channels but the mechanisms underlying cholesterol sensitivity of ion channels are still poorly understood. The key question is whether cholesterol regulates ion channels by direct binding to the channel protein or by altering the physical environment of lipid bilayer. In this study, we provide the first(More)
Toll-like receptor-mediated NF-κB activation is a major innate immune reaction of vascular endothelial cells (ECs) in response to prooxidative and proinflammatory stimuli. We identified that TNF-α receptor-associated factor-interacting protein with a forkhead-associated domain (TIFA) is a regulator of priming (signal 1) and activating (signal 2) signals of(More)
OBJECTIVE Cortactin translocates to the cell periphery in vascular endothelial cells (ECs) on cortical-actin assembly in response to pulsatile shear stress. Because cortactin has putative sites for AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) phosphorylation and sirtuin 1 (SIRT1) deacetylation, we examined the hypothesis that AMPK and SIRT1 coregulate cortactin(More)
Thy-1-negative lung fibroblasts are resistant to apoptosis. The mechanisms governing this process and its relevance to fibrotic remodeling remain poorly understood. By using either sorted or transfected lung fibroblasts, we found that Thy-1 expression is associated with downregulation of anti-apoptotic molecules Bcl-2 and Bcl-xL, as well as increased levels(More)
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