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Glycine N-methyltransferase (GNMT), a multifunctional protein involved in the maintenance of the genetic stability, is often down-regulated in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Using genotypic characterization of GNMT in hepatoma cell lines and in a Taiwanese population with a high incidence of liver cancer we have investigated the role of this gene in the(More)
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a highly malignant tumor with poor prognosis and high mortality due to a lack of effective medical treatment and apparent early stage symptoms. Understanding molecular mechanism of cancer development is crucial for HCC diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment. Recently, microRNAs have been shown to play an important role in(More)
MOTIVATION To fully understand how a protein kinase regulates biological processes, it is imperative to first identify its substrate(s) and interacting protein(s). However, of the 518 known human serine/threonine/tyrosine kinases, 35% of these have known substrates, while 14% of the kinases have identified substrate recognition motifs. In contrast, 85% of(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Successful drug treatment for sepsis-related acute lung injury (ALI) remains a major clinical problem. This study was designed to assess the beneficial effects of post-treatment of oroxylin A (OroA), a flavonoid, in ameliorating lipopolysaccharides (LPS)-induced lung inflammation and fatality. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH Rats were(More)
It has been difficult to develop molecular tools for studying the fungal pathogen Candida albicans because this species uses a non-standard genetic code and is diploid without a complete sexual cycle. Vector systems with regulatable promoters to produce conditional mutants, epitope tags for protein detection and recyclable selection markers are useful for(More)
The CDC4 gene is nonessential in Candida albicans and plays a role in suppressing filamentous growth, in contrast to its homologues, which are involved in the G1-S transition of the cell cycle. While characterizing the function of C. albicans CDC4 (CaCDC4), we found that the loss of CaCDC4 resulted in a reduction in cell flocculation, indicating a possible(More)
Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) triggers innate immunity mainly via TLR4 signaling. ATF3 is a negative regulator of TLR4 signaling. HMGB1 plays a critical role in the final step of sepsis. However, the mechanisms of ATF3 and the role of HMGB1 in regulating innate immunity-induced sepsis are incompletely understood. In this study, we found that serum HMGB1 levels(More)
BACKGROUND Graptopetalum paraguayense (GP) is a folk herbal medicine with hepatoprotective effects that is used in Taiwan. The aim of this study was to evaluate the hepatoprotective and antifibrotic effects of GP on experimental hepatic fibrosis in both dimethylnitrosamine (DMN)- and carbon tetrachloride (CCl(4))-induced liver injury rats. METHODS Hepatic(More)
Liver is unique in its capability to regenerate after an injury. Liver regeneration after a 2/3 partial hepatectomy served as a classical model and is adopted frequently to study the mechanism of liver regeneration. In the present study, semiquantitative analysis of protein expression in mouse liver regeneration following partial hepatectomy was performed(More)
The purpose of this study was to verify the beneficial effects of whole-body vibration (WBV) training on exercise performance, physical fatigue and obesity in mice with obesity induced by a high-fat diet (HFD). Male C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into two groups: normal group (n=6), fed standard diet (control), and experimental group (n=18), fed a HFD.(More)